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Showing posts with label market. Show all posts
Showing posts with label market. Show all posts

Thursday, 21 February 2019

Gold restores faith

The uptrend has once again moved into gold’s life. Gold leaped towards $1365 and the highs of almost a year ago. From the last two quarters of 2018 till date, gold has been climbing up the staircase, leaping higher, then consolidating and then moving up once more.

The middle two quarters of 2018 were bad for gold because the dollar was extraordinarily strong, so was the domestic equity market in the U.S. The influence of all that tended to wane in December, so gold picked up very, very nicely


A weaker U.S. dollar pushed gold up to 10-month highs on Tuesday, with April gold futures last trading at $1,339.70 an ounce, up 1.32% on the day.

With both the dollar and yen sliding, most notably after the BOJ's Kuroda told parliament the Japanese central bank can and will ease far more if necessary, it is perhaps not surprising that gold has surged higher, rising above $1,341/ounce, up over $140 from the early November levels when it was trading in the low-$1,200s, and the highest price since April 2018.

The recent rise in gold prices reflects solid demand from investors and, given that there is a relatively thin supply pipeline of metal between miner, refiner and trader, this is leading to a shortage of physical gold. Gold demand rose in 2018 and, although the US dollar gold price was down 1% over the year, it outperformed many other financial assets. Worries about a slowdown in global growth, heightened geopolitical tensions, and financial market volatility saw central bank demand hit its highest level since.

It is a matter of some speculation, but this story echoes reports that physical gold demand by Central Banks are at the highest since 1967, while institutional gold ETF off take hit an unprecedented 145 tonnes in December and January

Central banks added 651.5t to official gold reserves in 2018, up 74% on 2017 and the second highest yearly total on record. Net purchases jumped to their highest level since the end of US dollar convertibility into gold in 1971, as a greater pool of central banks turned to gold as a diversifier.

Most people are expecting gold to do well this year as gold has restored everyone’s faith in the market.

Monday, 4 February 2019

Key data shifts market sentiments

Last week a lot was happening for gold globally and in the domestic market. While there was important data released from the US, in the domestic market too all eyes were glued to the interim budget. While internationally, Fed rate hike is the topic of discussion, in India Gold duty cut was also being discussed strongly. We shall discuss the budget later.

Let’s have a look at the key economic numbers and how it affected gold and dollar.

  • Nonfarm payrolls rose more than 300K, which was significantly better than the 165K forecast and matched December's +300k rise
  • Manufacturing activity accelerated 
  • University of Michigan Sentiment index was revised slightly higher for the month of January. 
  • Stocks extended their rise. 



Not only does this report tell us that the government shutdown had limited impact on the labor market but after revisions, job gains averaged 241K over the past 3 months. However even though the labor market is on fire, wage growth is slowing and there's a very good chance of downward revisions next month. More importantly the change in the Federal Reserve's monetary policy statement is significant enough to keep the US dollar under pressure so don't trust the rally.

Although employment continues to expand, wage growth remains tepid. The report said that average hourly earnings increased 0.1% last month or by 3 cents, missing expectations. Economists were expecting to see wages increase 0.3%. For the last 12 months wages increased 3.2%. The U.S. dollar rebounded against all of the major currencies on Friday on the back stronger economic data.  A lot of the Fed's concerns stem from events like Brexit, funding for the US government and US-China trade issues that could be resolved over the next few months

The gold market saw some selling pressure Friday after the U.S. labor market showed strong growth in January, according to the latest government employment data. This sentiment continued as the week opened on a negative note for gold.

Gold prices dipped slightly on Monday as the dollar held steady on upbeat U.S. jobs and factory data that prompted markets to reduce bets on a rate cut later this year.

In the Indian markets, gold markets weren’t much active as while jewellers held off on purchases in anticipation of the country’s budget presentation on Friday.
India’s bullion industry has been urging a tax reduction to combat smuggling, which has increased since the country raised the import duty to 10 percent in August 2013 to narrow its current account deficit.

However, the interim budget presented by the Indian government on Friday did not include a change in the duty and hence not much activity was seen.
But India’s counterpart China, was showing a different t picture altogether. The demand for gold in China was quite on the rise.

On the occasion of Lunar year (which falls in the first week of February), generally, gold is considered as one of the best gifting medium. Demand for physical gold gathered usually increases in China ahead of the Lunar New Year holiday.
Another interesting gold purchase figure that saw record highs was from the central banks. 

Official gold purchases reached a new record in 2018 as central banks continued to diversify away from the U.S. Dollar.  Not only was 2018 a banner year for central bank gold purchases, but it was also the highest amount for more than five decades.  Central banks haven’t bought this much gold in one year since Nixon ended the convertibility of the U.S. Dollar into gold in 1971.

Despite the latest economic reports, the economy is still slowing but if Congress passes a permanent spending increase, the UK reaches a withdrawal agreement with the EU and the US forgoes further tariffs on China, 2 rate hikes this year could still be justified. With that in mind, any one of these discussions could go south, sending the markets into turmoil. Press conferences after every meeting this year gives the Fed the flexibility to change policy as needed and so far, domestic and global uncertainty justifies the need for patience. There's not much in the way of US data, so the dollar could resume its slide.


Friday, 1 February 2019

Union Budget 2019

It’s an important week for gold, both internationally and in the domestic markets. Amidst the Fed chaos, our very own budget got overshadowed.

Many suggestions have been made to the government, for the better of the Gems and Jewellery industry.


The government had increased the import duty on gold in order to narrow the trade deficit.  But in the lead to do so, unknowingly it has also led to an increase in gold smuggling. The gems and jewellery sector has sought a reduction of gold import duty to 4 percent, cut and polished diamonds and cut and polished gemstones to 2.5 percent and relaxation of credit norms for working capital requirements in the forthcoming budget.

Furthermore, elimination of CTT tax has been proposed in order to curb dabba trading.
These and many other suggestions related to import duty, taxes, infrastructure, R&D and precious stones duty has been made to the government.

The stakeholders expect that the government will accept these or at least amend the current norms in favours of everyone.

The upcoming interim Budget will likely offer a fresh push to gold schemes, laying out plans to tweak existing ones and announce new products, as earlier efforts to draw people to park their idle holdings with banks yielded little. A comprehensive gold policy is being planned.

This is an election year so it (the government) will is expected to put in more money into hands of people. There will be a big amount of spending in a short span that would be good for gold. Before the election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government could announces measures to help the nation's farmers, the biggest buyers of gold.

Keeping the bigger picture in mind, many new suggestions have been made, such that it creates a win win situation for the government, the jewellery industry and the end consumer. 

Thursday, 24 January 2019

Gold has not Lost its lustre yet

Gold was at a life time high of $1921 an ounce in September 2011 when the US Federal Reserve was concluding its bond buying program (QE). During that period gold was everyone’s favourite metal. But by the end of 2015, gold prices declined to $1046. Sometime around that, the Federal Reserve, led by Janet Yellen has raised its key interest rates for the first time in 7 years. That’s the reason gold plunged. But now it seems that gold is finally emerging from an 8 year bear market. And that’s the reason we feel that gold has not lost its lustre yet.


They say that gold has an inverse relation with the dollar. When the dollar is strong gold is weak and vice versa.

It seems that gold has finally made a comeback and there are many factors responsible for this -
Gold seems to be driven by the fact that the current political standoff in Washington will lead to an escalation in crisis. Further the longest government shutdown in U.S history along with a gradually growing economy and rising global debt levels will add fuel to the fire. And when geopolitical issues are mentioned we can’t ignore the fact that the trade tensions between US and China have not been resolved yet. These factors strengthen the speculation of a push in gold prices.

Even though the dollar was up during the week, markets still prefer to stay loyal to gold.

Market watchers say the dollar may also come under pressure as the U.S. government shutdown begins to weigh on domestic growth. Having said that, gold prices are bound to rise.

Wednesday, 9 January 2019

Gold benefits from equity slide

Reserves Reserves Reserves - it was all about piling up gold in the past week. And when I Say piling I mean in huge numbers.

Peoples Bank China shocked the world when it’s released the figures of gold reserves that it sits on.  China's gold reserves had been steady at 59.240 million fine troy ounces from October 2016 to November 2018, according to data from the People’s Bank of China, and suddenly jumped to 59.560 million fine troy ounces at end-December.

The People’s Bank of China increased holdings to 59.56 million ounces by the end of December, or about 1,853 metric tons, from 59.24 million ounces previously, according to data on the central bank’s website. They had been unchanged since about 130,000 ounces were added in October 2016.
China has long been wanting to reduce its dependency on the US dollar. The ongoing trade war is threatening its economic growth.


Several large emerging economies, which today fuel most of global growth prospects, and major oil exporters, are intrigued by the idea of re-coupling gold with a multilateral currency basket to avoid excessive exposure to US dollar-denominated energy and commodity markets.

 Spot gold had its strongest month in almost two years as those fears spurred a whirlpool in equities and the dollar and boosted demand for the precious metal as a haven. And hence the world’s biggest producer and consumer boosted holdings of bullion.

But it was not an overnight thing. China has been piling reserves since quite some time. It had last released the figures in 2016 and now suddenly. And it’s not just China that has been doing this.  As Bloomberg reports, Poland and Hungary surprised the market in 2018 by adding to their gold holdings for the first time in many years.

Furthermore, there have been interesting shifts in gold reserves. While advanced economies, such as the US and Germany, still own most global gold reserves, the US has increased its gold holdings in the past decade only marginally, while Germany has been forced to cut its reserves. In contrast, China has tripled its reserves, while Russia has nearly quintupled its gold (after dumping billions of US Treasuries), despite rounds of sanctions.

Fresh comments coming in from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell on Friday, got in a fresh rally in gold prices. The statements released boosted the chances that the central bank will pause interest-rate increases. Speculation that the Federal Reserve may pause its interest rate hikes has given further strength to gold’s rally into the new year and assets in bullion-backed exchange-traded funds are at a seven-month high. Spot gold was trading 0.5 percent higher at $1,291.83 an ounce as the week ended. Strengthening of the yellow metal has further weakened the greenback.

Gold was out of favour for much of 2018 as a result of the strong dollar and interest rate increases in the US. The precious metal traded as low as $1,174 an ounce in August, despite rising geopolitical tensions.

However, sentiment began to improve towards the end of the year, as volatility increased further and US stocks suffered.

THOSE analysts who believe that fear has made a comeback argue that gold is benefiting as equities slide and investors are increasingly concerned about the economic prospects of the United States (US), China, Europe and Japan. Yet, even at $1,290, gold still remains more than 30 percent behind its all-time high of $1,898 in September 2011 amid the US debt-limit crisis.

Tuesday, 18 December 2018

Series of Events await for the precious metals market

Gold has been on a five month high, where prices climbed on Monday, with declines in a leading dollar index, Treasury yields and the U.S. stock market, as well as comments from a well-known fund manager, prompting prices to settle at their highest in just over a week.

The gains in gold come ahead of key central-bank policy decisions this week and uncertainty around concrete trade developments between the U.S. and China.



There were a host of reasons responsible for this positive splurge in gold prices-

US Dollar - On Monday, the ICE U.S. Dollar Index was down 0.4% at 97.054. Gold is often sensitive to movements in the dollar. A weaker U.S. unit typically boosts demand for commodities priced in dollars as it makes them less expensive to users of other currencies.

US stock - Benchmark U.S. stock indexes, meanwhile, traded broadly lower as gold futures settled, after ending last week in a rout that pushed the Dow Jones Industrial Average back into correction territory. Stock weakness generally supports gold resulting in an upward movement.

Fed rate hike - Market expectations for 2019 Fed rate increases, once put at three to four more increases, have also begun to lessen on the back of dovish comments from Fed officials, including Chairman Jerome Powell. Fed rate-hike expectations are plummeting. Fed fund futures imply only a good 70% probability of a rate hike at the Fed’s meeting next week, with the probability of another by the end of 2019 likewise at only around 70%.

Expert advice - Double line Capital Founder Jeff Gundlach predicted the U.S. dollar would struggle in the coming new year, and that U.S. equities will enter a bear market. Post this statement; Prices for the metal got an added boost to intraday highs.

Brexit - Brexit is another geopolitical factor whose uncertainty is supportive for haven metals, though, again, the reaction has been muted so far. In the U.K., solutions to the Brexit dilemma are still hard to come by, a background story that is keeping the dollar bid, but not offering much extra boost for precious metals.

Apart from the ongoing activities there are a series of events that await the precious metals markets-

And other monetary policy updates this week, the Bank of Japan will make an announcement late Wednesday and the Bank of England meets on Thursday. The dollar has enjoyed relative strength against the yen and the pound, in part because of the interest-rate differential between the U.S. and its major economic allies. the Bank of Japan will make an announcement late Wednesday monetary policy updates this week, and the Bank of England meets on Thursday China’s Central Economic Work Conference a speech by President Xi Jinping There have been signs if panic in the market resulting in higher volatility. Riskier assets have been under pressure due to geopolitical events.
Currently the highlight is the ongoing US china trade spat and the market needs to see some real signs that point towards resolving some of their differences.


Wednesday, 3 October 2018

Gold might take time to recover

Last week, the Fed had indicated that it will pursue a tighter monetary policy. This prompted the dollar to strengthen; and it’s after effect was seen on gold. Immediately gold prices dipped.

The Fed raised U.S. interest rates last week and said it planned four more increases by the end of 2019 and another in 2020, amid steady economic growth and a strong job market.
Spot gold was down 0.5 percent at $1,186.29, as of 0748 GMT. In the previous session, gold touched it’s lowest since Aug. 17 at $1,180.34 an ounce.


Since quite some time gold has been dancing to the tunes of the dollar. Prices have remained almost dependent on the dollar and the movement has been inverse. And dollar is further dependent on the US economy which has been showing positive developments and better than expected progress.  Efforts by the Trump administration to reduce the trade deficit from an economic point of view has been friendly for the greenback as well.

Gold has fallen about 13 percent from an April high, largely because of the stronger dollar, which has been boosted by a vibrant U.S. economy and fears of a global trade war. Investors have bought the greenback instead of gold as a safe investment.

The release of the final U.S. gross domestic product for the second quarter “put downward pressure on the yellow metal. Moreover, the pace of [economic] growth was confirmed as strong in the U.S. which validated the more hawkish views within the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC).

Last Wednesday, the Fed on lifted federal-funds rates for the third time this year, to a range between 2% and 2.25%, and signaled it was prepared to increase again in December.

The spill over effect of previous and future hikes was seen on gold at the beginning of this week too. Gold prices lowered in Monday and remised in the negative zone.

There is still a lot of downward pressure for gold before it picks momentum. The widening of interest rate differentials, and the upward trends in U.S. economic performance are weighing on gold. At least in this quarter, fundamentally it is very difficult to long gold.

But as I have mentioned in my previous blogs, is that though gold has not lived up to its safe haven image, the central banks are still piling up its reserves.

Gold, known as a "safe haven," has come to be preferred by central banks as well as individual investors since the outbreak of the global financial crisis. Central banks in the first half of this year added 193.3 tons of gold to their reserves, the highest level since 2015. With 125.8 tons of gold, Turkey was named the second country achieving the highest increase in gold reserves since early 2017.

Russia, Turkey and Kazakhstan played an important role in the purchases in question. In the first half of the year, 86 percent of total gold purchases were made by these three countries.

Rank wise standing of countries in terms of purchase of gold made-
No1. In gold - Russia
No. 2- Turkey
No.3- Kazakhstan

The reason for these piling reserves of gold is to reduce its dependency on dollar reserves. What people have understood lately that US President Donald Trump’s attitude have been disturbing global financial markets. This could worsen further. In anticipation of avoiding future problems, central banks and other countries have started increasing their gold reserves; On the other hand, the rise in geopolitical risks in the Middle East was also instrumental in increasing the demand for gold.

Furthermore future events may lead to volatility, once again a favourable zone for gold

Trade wars
The risk of natural disasters and
Geo political wars
All of these might have an impact on world economies and further on gold thus raising its demand as a safe haven asset.


Monday, 17 September 2018

Is It Time To Go For Gold

Gold prices have tumbled in 2018, dropping, despite fears of a global trade war and turmoil in emerging-market economies. Such issues are risks that the market has mostly shrugged off, but the precious metal could be well positioned to provide some safety in the event those factors escalate and start to have a bigger impact on equities.

Gold is historically an asset class that does well during turbulent financial markets. As a safe-haven, the precious metal attracts risk-averse investors during such times. But when markets are doing fine, gold moves in a range, giving no gain for long periods of time.

But now many investors are rethinking on these lines and are shifting their focus on the yellow metal. Though gold has declined in the current year, lately it has shown dome positive developments.


Past week too gold was lying low till Thursday but gained momentum the following day. Gold prices slid on Thursday as investors purchased riskier assets instead of seeking a safe haven in gold, amid hopes for a new round of U.S.-China trade talks. Spot gold declined 0.3 percent to $1,202.30 per ounce during Thursdays trading hours, after earlier hitting its highest level since Aug. 28 at $1,212.49.

But after the economic numbers came in from U.S., gold prices gained rally.

Gold rose on Friday as the dollar faltered after softer-than-expected U.S. inflation data dimmed the case for a faster pace of policy tightening by the U.S. Federal Reserve, amid signs of movement in the Sino-U.S. trade standoff.  Spot gold was up 0.5 percent at $1,206.10 an ounce thus gaining 0.9 percent for the week. The main reason for this positive developments were-

U.S. consumer prices rose less than expected in August
Underlying inflation pressures also appeared to be slowing,
Suggesting the Federal Reserve’s pace of rate hikes could slow.
The data falling short of expectations, investors are thinking that the Fed may not go for a rate hike in December
The dollar’s index against a basket of six major currencies was a shade lower at 94.442 after slipping to a session low of 94.427, a bottom since July 31.
The months-long trade rift between Washington and Beijing has prompted investors to buy the U.S. dollar in the belief that the United States has less to lose from the dispute.

Now the current upward trend is propelling investors to once again make place for gold in their portfolio as it can be used tactically as a potential hedge for a stock market correction and/or a reversal in the dollar and real interest rates.  A reasonable 3 to 5 per cent of the portfolio can surely be allocated to gold.

It’s not only the investors, but leading banks and financial institutions that have also been adding up their gold reserves. Starting in 2008, central banks have been continuously adding gold to their reserves, though gradually and in relatively small amounts. In 2008 and 2009, such institutions added 580,000 and 210,000 ounces of the yellow metal (source- CPM data) and since then the reserves have been piling up, with around 11 million ounces getting purchased in 2017 and similar trend are expected this year too.

Russia too has been diversifying its monetary reserves. Most central banks are diversifying away from the dollar.

What’s even more interesting is that the RBI has bought 8.46 tonnes of gold in the financial year 2017-18. This was its very first purchase in almost nine pears. The last time RBI purchased gold was in Never 2009 when it has bought 200 tonne of yellow metal from the IMF.

Now currently domestic investors are thinking as to what to do with gold that has not given many gains in the last five years. Well the market experts believe that investors will be guided by expectations about where the Indian financial markets are headed and may give more though to gold in the coming months.

Though gold has not moved much over the past five years, some are still confused with the thought that with the current global trade wars and currencies dropping against the dollar is it time to go for gold?

Tuesday, 11 September 2018

Time To Add Gold In Your Portfolio

Gold has fallen more than 8% this year as concern about trade disputes; currency weakness in emerging markets and rising US interest rates has strengthened the dollar, making bullion more expensive for buyers with other currencies.


TRADE DISPUTE - Gold is trading back above $1,200/oz ahead of the expected announcement from the White House that China is about to get hit by additional tariffs on goods valued at up to $200 billion. The latest US trade balance for July showed the US in the red by $50.1 billion while the trade deficit with China rose to a fresh record of $36.8 billion.

Investors have been waiting for a fresh round to be fired in the Sino-U.S. trade war after a public comment period for proposed U.S. tariffs on a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese imports, which includes some consumer products, ended late last week.

With his domestic agenda being challenged by the upcoming midterm elections, less-than-flattering comments from White House insiders, and the ongoing Mueller investigation, President Trump is unlikely to step back from his fight with the Chinese.

The prospect of an escalated trade war continues to make matters worse for emerging market bonds, stocks and currencies.

The trade war and its effect on the USD/CNY exchange rate remains the primary determinant of Gold prices in dollar terms. Until either the trade war ends or the dollar falls, either of its own accord or due to a Fed reversal in policy, USD/CNY is likely to go higher and gold lower.

The escalating trade war crisis continued to spill its effect on gold in the past week too. Gold prices rose on Friday due to a lower dollar and jitters about an escalation in the U.S.-China trade dispute after fresh threats by President Donald Trump, although bullion is still heading for its fifth straight monthly decline.

Spot gold was up 0.6 percent at $1,206.19 an ounce during Fridays trading hours- a gain of 4 percent from the 19-month low of $1,159.96 hit on Aug. 16.



CURRENCY WEAKNESS - Lately positive U.S. economic numbers have been showing signs of a strengthening U.S economy. This has further strengthened the dollar against major basket of currencies. In India too rupee was at a record low of 72.17, sliding by 44 paise against the US dollar on rising demand from US dollars by bankers and importers.

Like the trade war, the dollar prices continued to show its effect on gold this week too.
The dollar traded higher against a basket of currencies on Monday amid fears of a potentially major escalation in the China-U.S. trade conflict, while Sweden's crown rose following the previous day's election.

U.S. President Donald Trump warned on Friday that he was ready to slap tariffs on virtually all Chinese imports into the United States, threatening duties on another $267 billion of goods in addition to the $200 billion already facing the risk of duties.

The index also found support after data showed U.S. jobs growth accelerated in August and wages notched their largest annual increase in more than nine years, boosting the prospect of faster interest rate rises by the Federal Reserve.

Non-Farm payrolls led to some modest downward pressure on gold. Furthermore, though the dollar will continue to weigh on gold, and as long as the dollar is strong, gold will remain constrained.

RISING INTEREST RATES - Gold prices held steady during Asian trade on Tuesday as investors remained on the sidelines amid expectations of a U.S. interest rate hike this month and on fears of an escalation in the Sino-U.S. trade war.

Strong U.S. payrolls data last week cemented expectations that the U.S. Federal Reserve will raise interest rates in September, in what would be its third hike this year, with expectations of one rise more in December.

Higher rates increase bond yields, making the non-yielding bullion less attractive and tend to boost the dollar.

Now what’s interesting to note is that though gold is being hammered lately, financial advisors in Asia, are suggesting their clients that this is the right time to include gold in their portfolio. They have been asking them to take advantage of dips and to stockpile to protect assets against pounding equity markets.

Gold has sold off over the past few months as USD interest rates have increased, so there is more opportunity to buy. For clients who do not have an allocation of gold in their portfolios, now is the time to add gold.

Thursday, 28 June 2018

Long term looks favorable for Gold


Gold has fallen out of favour as investors prefer havens such as the dollar, Treasuries and yen amid fears that a looming trade war will damage global growth, hurt earnings and drag down stock markets and other risk assets. 

Gold has not fared well lately despite rising global trade tensions that have knocked down equities. Gold has been hurt by expectations for more Federal Reserve hikes complemented by a strengthening US dollar which further pulled down gold prices.

Many believe that gold has lost its shine. Each time it gets close to break the $1350 level, it fails and is unable to generate returns in a rising yield environment and the biggest obstacle for the yellow metal currently is the rally in US dollar .

Hence, precious metal’s “biggest disappointment” this year has been that it keeps failing to attract safe-haven inflows in a meaningful way.

Some even believe that gold has not bottomed out yet and there is further scope for a downfall as gold is oversold. With gold back to trading near six-month lows and prices struggling to catch a break during the past few weeks, analysts are saying that gold is failing to attract safe-haven interest due to a surging U.S. dollar.

However, given the recent equity-market correction and talk of a trade-driven slowdown in the global economy, it is likely that the market will start to get a lot less enthusiastic about aggressive Fed tightening and the US dollar. On the positive note, the interest-rate environment is becoming more favourable for gold, with inflation expectations rising — a good sign for the precious metal that has traditionally been viewed as an inflation hedge,

The Federal Reserve will probably raise interest rates two more times this year, and twice in 2019, while the European Central Bank will likely start tightening in September next year. That should shift the monetary policy divergence in favour of the euro relative to the dollar and be positive for gold in the greenback.

On top of that, lower gold prices might encourage more physical buying in key markets, including China and India.

So in the long term things look favourable for gold and the yellow metal might once again get into the safe haven mode.

Monday, 27 November 2017

Gold caught between Rally and Rebounce

Gold headed for a weekly decline as we saw prices dropping over strengthening U.S dollar.

Gold prices nudged lower on Thursday, with investors taking profits after gains of nearly 1 percent in the previous session on weaker U.S. economic data and concerns among some Federal Reserve policymakers over lower inflation.

Gold had surged higher on Wednesday, buoyed by the US Federal Reserve’s (Fed) concerns about persistent low inflation which saw the dollar slide.

The dollar suffered its biggest drop in five months on Wednesday after minutes from the U.S. Federal Reserve's showed"many participants" were concerned inflation would stay below the bank's 2 percent target for longer than expected.     


The greenback was still nursing losses on Thursday,supporting dollar-priced gold by making it cheaper for non-U.S.investors.

Spot gold was 0.1 percent lower at $1,290.82 perounce by 1313 GMT on Thursday. Gold still needs that one boost to achieve a support price of $1325 an ounce.

Trading was lighter than usual on Thursday, with Japanese financial markets shut for a public holiday while U.S. markets would be closed for the Thanksgiving holiday.

In wider markets, Chinese stocks suffered their biggest fall in almost two years, weighing on global equities, denting risk appetite and providing underlying support for gold, seen as a safe haven asset.           

With Chinese stocks down, low yielding currencies such asthe Japanese yen and the Swiss franc remained firmly supportedagainst the dollar.

Earlier in the week, Fed Chair Janet Yellen stuck by herprediction that U.S. inflation would soon rebound, but offeredan unusually strong caveat that she was "very uncertain" aboutthis and open to the possibility that prices could remain lowfor years to come.

After nearly a decade of pumping up the US and global markets, Janet Yellen and team are now starting to show some concern for financial market prices. The FOMC is concerned that they are getting out of hand and are a danger to the US economy.

The minutes of the Fed’s October meeting show that the committee is largely optimistic about the US economy:

“In their discussion of the economic situation and the outlook, meeting participants agreed that information received since the FOMC met in September indicated that the labor market had continued to strengthen and that economic activity had been rising at a solid rate despite hurricane-related disruptions.”

Currently the yellow metal is caught in the middle strong influential factors leaving markets perplexed over a rally or rebound in its movements.

Gold, silver and platinum prices have found bases and look set to remain range bound for now. The lack of any immediate geopolitical tension over North Korea has reduced the need for haven demand. With equities still generally upbeat, the opportunity cost of holding bullion is high, but the fact precious metals prices are not trending lower given the strength in equities is noteworthy. The weaker dollar should help underpin firmer precious metals prices.

Financial history revels that majorly investors would see to traditional financial systems to gain complete benefit of uncertainties. That would show through in traditional assets like shares and fixed income with benefit shifting to those markets that are not perceived to depend on the sanctity of governments and corporations that are prone to excess and can readily find their correlation surge ‘to one’ in the event of heavy market movement.

 This talking point seems to be born out of the skepticism that has arisen through the excessive stimulus and maintenance of extremely low interest rates by the world’s largest central banks.

Gold would also be sympathetic to such a view as the historic, accessible and regulated alternative asset. I think the lack of relationship is due to the premise of the theme rather than a systemic change in Gold’s nature. Either way, we will see this contrast resolved in the weeks ahead.

Friday, 6 October 2017

September proves to be the worst month of 2017 for gold so far

September was an action-packed month, with North Korean rockets and a succession of monster hurricanes all coming at the markets almost at the same time. Not forgetting the comments coming out from the Federal Reserve that contributed to thefrenzy by giving a clear signal of a December rate hike. In the process, it perhaps single-handedly helped the dollar index recover from a three-year low hit earlier in the month.

Amid a resurgent dollar, the month of September proved to be worst for gold since November 2016. However, as geopolitical tensions soar, with the standoff between the U.S. and North Korea probably topping the list, demand for precious metals surged with Gold ETF holdings rising most since Feb 2017.



Last week, gold prices ended lower on Friday as weak U.S. consumer spending and inflation data did little to alter expectations for a third interest rate increase by the Federal Reserve this year.
The dollar has risen in recent weeks as investors grow more optimistic about the prospect for U.S. rate hikes and tax cuts that some expect to boost the U.S. economy.

Data on Friday showed that
U.S. consumer spending barely rose in August.
Inflation also remained sluggish with the core personal consumption expenditures price index rising 1.3% year-on-year, slowing from 1.4% in July.
The core personal consumption expenditures price index is the Fed’s preferred inflation measure and has a 2% target.

The data did little to temper rate hike bets after Yellen indicated earlier in the week that the central bank was sticking to plans for a third rate hike this year and three in 2018.

The metal recorded its biggest monthly decline so far this year in September, despite netting a quarterly rise of nearly 3 percent partly due to geopolitical tensions including North Korea’s missile tests.

The U.S. currency recorded its best week of the year on Friday, despite benign inflation data for August, as expectations that the Fed would raise interest rates again in December loomed large after Fed Chair Janet Yellen said the central bank planned to stay on its current rate hike path.
Higher interest rates tend to boost the dollar and push bond yields up, weighing on greenback-denominated gold

The dollar’s rise paused on September 28 and 29, but was seen gaining momentum on Monday morning.

Gold slipped to its lowest in nearly seven weeks early on Monday, 2nd October as the U.S. dollar rose and equities gained, while growing expectations for a Federal Reserve interest rate hike in December also added to pressure.

Spot gold was down 0.3 percent at $1,274.90 an ounce by 0353 GMT, after earlier touching its lowest since mid-August at $1,273.55.

Gold prices fell in Asia on Monday as the dollar gained and the euro dropped as investors mulled the implications of the disputed referendum on Catalonia independence in Spain on the euro zone and a sentiment survey out of Japan in a thin trading day with China's markets shut for the week and holidays regionally expected to see thin flows.

Elsewhere,The Bank of Japan released its Tankan survey for the third quarter with investors focused on the large manufacturer’s index as it rose to 22, compared with an expected reading of 18.

This week, comments by Fed Chair Janet Yellen will be closely watched for further hints on the timing of the next rate hike along with Friday’s U.S. jobs report. Market watchers will be looking ahead to remarks by European Central Bank President Mario Draghi on Wednesday.

Gold, silver and platinum prices continue to correct and the stronger dollar and lull in tensions over North Korea, seem to be weighing on prices. We would let the corrections run their course, but the North Korean situation is likely to escalate again at some stage, so the next rally in gold prices may not be that far away.

Thursday, 28 September 2017

Tensions Push while Dollar Pulls Gold Prices

Gold prices have been correcting recent gains, the pullback tested the break-up level at $1,295 per oz and it gave way, which is a sign of weakness. Stints of haven buying have since given prices some lift, but the gains have not been held on to, which suggests a market that is getting tired of the on-going pomposity but lack of progress over North Korea. In addition, the stronger dollar is proving to be a negative for gold prices.



The week began on a positive note for gold as spot gold prices inched higher during Asian morning trading hours on Tuesday September 26 as investors opted for haven assets amid heightened geopolitical tensions.

North Korean accusations and the Kurdish independence referendum threatening to add even more instability to the Middle East saw investors heading for the gold safe haven trade, shrugging off a stronger US dollar in general overnight thus increasing the demand for the yellow metal.

Concerns also arose on straining relations between the USA and Iran after the latter claimed it successfully launched a missile and over oil supply disruptions after Turkey threatened to close the route for Kurdish shipments in retaliation for holding their independence vote.

However on Wednesday the markets witnessed a u turn as gold prices were pulled down over a strengthening US dollar.

The US dollar strengthened on Wednesday following hawkish comments from US Federal Open Market Committee chairwoman Janet Yellen on Tuesday.

The spot gold price remained below $1,300 per oz during Asian morning trading on Wednesday September 27 and was quoted at $1,295.00-1,295.30 per oz as of 04:33 BST, up just $0.95 on the previous session’s close.

Yellen’s speech was interpreted by markets as hawkish as she noted that it would be “imprudent” to keep monetary policy on hold until inflation reaches 2%, thus lending weight to the possibility of a December US rate increase.

Monday, 28 August 2017

Markets seem difficult to trade

After weeks of relative stagnation, gold traders were suddenly awoken to a rise in trade volume and price volatility. In a span of one minute, gold futures contracts equaling more than 2 million ounces traded -- about 20 minutes before Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen was to address a gathering of policy makers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

The occurrence shook the market after a measure of 60-day volatility on the metal touched the lowest since 2005.

 Gold had been lying stable amid political disharmony in Washington, worries about rising U.S. interest rates and escalating geopolitical tensions between the U.S. and North Korea.

Investors were not expecting Yellen to make a policy statement anyway, but some market participants were hoping for some signal on the Fed's planned balance sheet reduction, if not on the outlook for U.S. interest rate hikes.


Yellen’s speech, which lacked clear rate cues, did little to calm the price swings and damped expectations of a rate hike this year.

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President Robert Kaplan helped fuel the sharp move before Yellen’s speech Friday by saying the central bank can afford to be patient on raising interest rates even while noting it should shrink the balance sheet soon.

These comments were dovish and pushed gold prices higher. But then when Yellen didn’t mention monetary policy, things started to stabilize again.

The dollar fell to a three-week low against the euro and a one-week trough versus the yen on Friday after Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen made no reference to U.S. monetary policy in her speech at the annual central bank research conference in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

Instead, Yellen focused on U.S. regulations, saying those put in place after the 2007-2009 crises had strengthened the financial system without impeding economic growth, and any future changes should remain modest.

Dollar had weakened because Yellen "didn't say anything positive for the U.S."

The dollar has been trading higher for most of the week after sharp losses in recent months.

The dollar fell to a one-week low of 109.23 yen after Yellen's speech. It was last down 0.2 percent at 109.33.

The euro, meanwhile, hit a three-week high against the dollar and was last up 0.6 percent at $1.1862.
Focus now shifts to the coming week wherein a few interesting events are lined up.
The yellow metal may remain range-bound in the $1,290s ahead of the U.S. Labor Day holiday on September 4th.

Labor Day can mark a variation point in various economic parameters, including the gold price.  There are also U.S. Fed and ECB policy meetings that will be held in the second half of September and the U.S. FOMC one in particular will be viewed with particular interest vis-à-vis gold given observers will be looking for clues on the likely date for the next interest rate rise decision and/or Fed balance sheet reductions.  The U.S. economy is not showing positive developments as well as forecast by the Fed so there are some who believe any rate increase will now likely be put off until next year.

The period that lies between the Labour Day and The FOMC meeting will be crucial for gold as the markets reactions all depend on this interim period.

Market reaction after Labor Day, and before the FOMC meeting will probably see gold react positively or negatively to economic data (fact or supposition)  coming out in the interim, which may hold gold back from bursting through $1,300, which it would likely do if the FOMC looks like delaying any interest rate rise decision beyond the calendar year end.  An indication that the Fed will indeed continue its tightening programme in December may pull down the gold price , but perhaps not affect its on-going progress in the medium term.

Similarly the ECB policy meeting in Frankfurt, which comes just after the FOMC meeting, will also be followed with strong interest, but may not see any further tightening while the Euro remains at current levels against the dollar.

We still see gold rising through $1,300 and perhaps hitting $1,350 by the year-end, but sometimes Q4 can prove to be a weak period for precious metals, so we are not wholly confident on this prediction.  Currently markets seem difficult to trade!

Friday, 3 February 2017

Budget views 2017



From the previous budget to this year’s- Gold witnessed some key events in the domestic market.
They varied from politics to economic to geopolitical. Namely-

Demonetisation
Prime Minister Narendra  Modi made the surprise announcement on 8th November 2016 that the 500 and 1000 Rupees are just “worthless piece of paper”. The 500 and 1000 Rupees notes have been banned to fight back money and money-laundering. The new 2000 and 500 Rupees notes were released on 8th November 2016. The aftermath of demonetization, banks and ATM across the country faced severe cash shortages.

Goods and service bills passed
Goods and Services Tax bill were passed on 8 August 2016. GST is a proposed system of indirect taxation in India merging most of, the existing taxes into a single system of taxation. It would be a comprehensive indirect tax on the manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and services throughout India, to replace taxes levied by the state and central governments.

Surgical Strike Against Pakistan
The Indian said that it had conducted “Surgical Strikes against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir on 29 September 2016. Lt Gen Ranbir Singh (DGMO) said that it had received “very credible and specific information” about “terrorist teams” who were preparing to “carry out infiltration and conduct terrorist strikes inside Jammu and Kashmir and in various metros in other states”. The Indian action was meant to pre-empt their infiltration.

But of the ones mentioned above gold was majorly affected in the year end by the announcement of demonetisation scheme.

Gold has been a beneficiary and even a victim of demonetisation. On a net basis, this demonetisation exercise as of now has been neutral for gold. As the demonetisation alarm bells rang, the rush to buy gold was almost immediate. As media reports suggest and also confirmed by gold import numbers, a lot of gold was sold on the night of November 8, as many rushed to buy gold with old notes. Post that, as the cash crunch hit the economy, there was a significant decline in discretionary spending including gold.

In many of our pre budget expectations over the past few years, we have always proposed to make the gold industry more organised. Fortunately, the demonetisation scheme, launching of a gold scheme and making PAN number compulsory for purchases of gold jewellery worth more than Rs 2 lakh shows the seriousness of government in making the making gold a commodity and thus channelizing it into a more organised way.These are signs of positive policy

After a neutral financial year for gold industry in India, all eyes were on the Finance Minister for the budget that was presented today- Feb 1st. This date marks the change in previous customary budget schedules which usually took place at around the end of February, usually February 28. The gold industry was hoping for a change from last few years of high import duties to a more reduced levy.

The industry was expecting a reduction in duty not onlyfor the interest of the dealers but also for the good of the common man.

However, there was no such announcement and duties have been unchanged. The budget is neutral for the gold industry and overall positive. On a scale of 1 to 10 I would rate this budget as 6.5.

Saturday, 17 January 2015

ALL NOTIONS TO SEE GOLD AT $800 DESTROYED!!!

                                                                                                             - By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL




A few weeks earlier, we saw a lot of noise in the market…but this time it seems that someone left the loudspeakers on!

Well, oil and SNB played the game here.Precious metals showed great volatility- all thanks to the fluctuating oil prices.

Crude oil was highly volatile after a report from Paris based energy agency IEA depicted a likely reduction in Non-OPEC output for 2015 by 350,000 BPD. 

Moreover, gold and silver prices soared in Euro terms after the SNB moves and now many market players are beginning to wonder if a loss of confidence after the Swiss fiasco has started a run on gold? 

Bullion traders said sentiment turned better after gold rallied to the highest since September in global markets as the dollar weakened after Switzerland decoupled its currency to the euro and lowered the deposit rate.

Gold had closed at 1276.50 following a brief intraday break above 1280, its highest level since September 2014. We look to the September 2nd open of 1286 as the next important level of
Resistance, followed by 1300 and 1320. Momentum indicators are increasingly bullish.

Gold regained its safe-haven mantle following a shocking and unforeseen decision by the Swiss Central Bank (SNB) to scrap its cap on the franc’s exchange rate against the euro.


After the SNB- Swiss National Bank dropped the bombshell on the markets Thursday morning, the prices of the precious metals had gone in one direction… UP.  In just two days, the price of gold was up $40 and silver $1.10.

Post this action, gold rose more than 2 percent to a 4 month high in Thursday. This was a result of the move by Switzerland to abandon its three-year cap on the franc sent global shares and bond yields into turmoil. 

Following the Swiss National Bank’s unprecedented move to abandon the franc’s peg to the euro, the country’s currency had appreciated sharply against the U.S. dollar. The surge in the Swiss franc…means it is now the most overvalued of all the developed market (DM) currencies in terms of the deviation of the real effective exchange rate from its 10-year average

The SNB has been under growing pressure to revisit the peg as speculation grows that the European Central Bank could introduce outright money-printing as early as next week, which could see the euro zone flooded with liquidity.
It looks as is the SNB decision has finally destroyed the notion of $800 gold ever again.

Furthermore, a Labor Department report released on Thursday showed that Jobless claims climbed by 19,000 to 316,000 in the week ended Jan. 10, the most since early September, from a revised 297,000 in the prior period.

Adding to it, the gold price climbed on Friday after a lackluster US inflation report had participants readjusting their timetable for the next Federal Reserve rate increase.

In data, the US consumer price index fell 0.4 percent last month, the biggest drop since December 2008, after sliding 0.3 percent in November. It also undershot the -0.3 percent forecast.

This goes directly against the Federals Reserve’s mandate to achieve inflation of around two percent as the reports imply a deflationary trend. Which further means that the fed may probably delay its rate increase as it would want to know that inflation is on track to hit this level before acting?
Additionally, deciding not to reduce stimulus in 2015 would also be consistent with a goal-oriented approach to the employment mandate.
Additionally, Holdings of SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, rose to 717.15 tons on Friday from 707.59 tons from its previous close on Thursday.

Fall in equities and worries over Euro area political and debt issues might continue to help Bullion complex as a whole and mainly the yellow metal.
Next week we could see further volatility as the ECB are set to meet and it is widely expected they will announced a broad-based government bond purchases.
We stay with our moderate positive bias in Gold and advice buying on small dips.




- Previous blog - "Lot of Things To Smile About For Precious Metals"

http://riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2015/01/lots-ofthings-to-smile-about-for.html



Monday, 17 March 2014

LOTS OF IF's AND BUT's FOR GOLD

-by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari,MD,RSBL






Last year it was Syria...This year it’s Ukraine. Geopolitical tensions have always been a booster for gold and other precious metals and it has helped gold in enjoying its safe haven appeal as it always does in times of economic turmoil recession, inflation etc.

This week gold remained on the top and showed some interesting record movements too.
Gold prices bounced on Friday during the trading hours, rising 3.3 per cent from last week's close at 1385$ per ounce, a level not witnessed since early September. Gold sailed through US$1,380 and was on course for a sixth successive week of gains as the situation in Ukraine showed no signs of easing.

Apart from the Ukraine Crisis deceleration of Chinese economic growth has dampened the investors risk appetites. Retail Sales and Industrial output figures were out this week and it has been quite disappointing. According to MNI, a Chinese Government source said not to panic if 1Q GDP would be below target. This once again raised the question that the all so hyped China and its economy and its hunger for gold was just a temporary thing? Well we need to wait and watch

This uncertainty surrounding the rising economies has to an extent eroded investors confidence. The catalyst for a shift in risk sentiment remains to be seen as the market shrugged off positive US data overnight, suggesting the potential for a lacklustre reaction to upcoming Consumer Confidence figures.

Gold continues to be well supported as Russia is seemingly un-phased by the prospect of sanctions from the West. The population in the Crimea province votes this weekend on whether to secede from the Ukraine, with the way the ballot has been set out seemingly certain to guarantee that is the outcome say observers. It is likely to be followed by the US and its allies imposing sanctions on Russia on Monday, potentially starting a round of tit-for-tat retaliation with serious implications for financial markets and the US dollar.

The last time gold had such a gold run was in July/August 2011, soon after which the metal started its climb to the all-time record high of $1,921 per troy ounce.

Looking at the week ahead, if emerging markets fears abate and US data continues to improve; traders may ease out of safe-haven plays like US Treasuries. The resulting rise in yields would likely help the greenback to recover some lost ground, which in turn would weigh on gold prices. 

If situation in Ukraine results in unrest or rioting, gold prices would breach $1,400. But if the Ukrainian situation either resolves itself in the coming days or stabilizes to the current standoff and does not further escalate gold could sell off quickly — returning towards $1,300 an ounce. 

Lots of ifs and buts for the Gold next move! But one thing is clear, safe haven appeal of Gold will always be there.

For the week gold is expected to range between $1364-$1420 an ounce in the international market and Rs.29,500-Rs.31,500 per 10 gram in the domestic market.

On the other hand, silver is expected to range between $20.55-$22.00 and Rs.45,000-Rs.48,00 in the international and domestic markets respectively.



The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"Gold Trapped?"

http://www.riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2014/03/gold-trapped.html

Sunday, 16 February 2014

LET'S GET GOLD !!

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)




Look in to the past- it was Feb 2013....Look in to the present- it is Feb 2014- Gold has risen 11 % since the beginning of the year....
Gold has shown some remarkable performances Since Jan-
1) Gold is up over 10 per cent since the 2013 closing lows
2)Gold crossed the $1300 mark for first time in over a year
3) The $1300 mark cross over has made gold reach a three month high in the week
4) this three month high posted its biggest weekly gains since October 2013.


Just "a" particular cause cannot be held responsible for this-

- Weak US economic data

- Deteriorating weather conditions in the US

- Political uncertainty in the Euro Zone

- SDPR posting its biggest inflow since December 2013

- Rising demand for gold from China

All of the above mentioned reasons are somewhere, directly or indirectly responsible for the rally in gold prices.

By the end of the week gold received a good booster by the weak US economic data release. The report shows that U.S. retail sales fell unpredictably in January. U.S*retail sales fell 0.4% in January*
Adding to it, more Americans filed for jobless benefits last week. Initial weekly jobless claims rose by 8,000 to 339,000, missing forecasts for a decline to 330,000.
The ICE dollar index, which tracks the greenback against six other currencies,declined to 80.308 from 80.718 late Wednesday. 
In all, the entire scenario gave a good push to gold prices. This weak economic development has once again raised questions over whether the world's biggest economy can sustain growth and made some investors hope the Fed would take a slower approach to tapering its bond purchases.

The disappointing U.S retail sales data weighed on the dollar, increasing the appeal for bullion, prices of which were sustained by the weak data releases from US as it reinforced the investors that Fed will take a slower approach to tapering its bond purchases.

Furthermore, extremely cold and unfavourable and unseasonable snowy conditions in US have hit the retails sales which has always been considered as a parameter to determine consumer spending. deteriorating conditions have also been a reason for a drop in sales.

Large parts of the United States have been gripped by freezing temperatures and snow storms, which caused investors to largely discount both the day's and other recent weak data that suggested the economy started the year on weaker footing.
shares in Europe dipped, as Italy was affected by the prevailing uncertainty  that raised worries about efforts to turn around Italy's sputtering economy.

However hopes once again prevailed as the way was left open for center left leader Matteo Renzi to take over, once Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta would tender his resignation.

Additionally, SPDR- world's largest gold backed exchange traded fund, posted its biggest inflow since late December 2013. Holdings rose 7.50 tonnes to 806.35 tonnes on Thursday,
 This further strengthened investors sentiments.
While in China, consumer demand has always been rising and it has now overtaken India as the largest bullion consumer as it topped 1000 tonnes for the first time in 2013.

In the physical markets, bullion was also underpinned after India's trade ministry said it has recommended easing curbs on gold imports, after a 77 percent drop in imports for January that helped narrow the country's trade deficit.


During times of economic turmoil, gold has always enjoyed the status of a safe haven asset and has always had an inverse relation with equities.
But an interesting fact to be noted was that as gold performed well, equities too were on a rise.

Indeed the recovery in the gold price has coincided with a 0.5-percentage-point increase in the U.S. equity risk premium and a decline in U.S. real yields. This has been a favourable atmosphere for gold prices to rise.

Other precious metals are on the rise with Palladium up for the 8th day in a row (the longest streak since July), Platinum up 6 days in a row (long since July) and Silver up 10 days in a row breaking $20.50.

Gold’s gains in 2014 have been helped by soft U.S. economic data and emerging-market stress, but the metal’s strength may not last once economic data improve again.

The underlying notion that central banks are slowing down their quantitative easing is boosting gold's appeal as an inflation hedge and alternative currency. 
    
Speculation that the Fed might hold off further reduction of stimulus had strongly supported gold by keeping interest rates at rock bottom while stoking inflation fears. 

There is no surety of how well and for how long will these gold prices be sustained. A we head towards March, weather conditions in US tend to improve and can once again boos consumer spending. the rapid rebound in the S&P 500 over the past week would suggest that the sources of support for the gold price from a rising equity risk premium may be coming to an end. 

Now we wait for March or rather lets march towards March !!


The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.


- Previous blog -  "Is the golden egg about to hatch??"

http://riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2014/02/is-golden-egg-about-to-hatch.html

Saturday, 4 January 2014

PRECIOUS SWEET REVENGE- WHATS NEXT??

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)




In the first trading week of 2014, gold was seen taking revenge to all those investors who shifted from gold to equities and other assets in 2013. Many claimed that gold has lost its glitter and is no more a return generating asset. By its performance in the first week of 2014, gold put a lock to many peaking mouths. In fact other precious metals like silver and platinum followed suit , with platinum touching a six-week high and palladium climbing to a three-week high, heading for its biggest weekly gain since October.

But then again debaters said that gold has shown similar trend in 2013. Recalling gold in 2013 at this time of the year, I remember that gold moved sharply in Jan but then plunged terribly throughout the year. On 2nd Jan, 2013, gold opened at $1664. Then in Feb it was seen trading at $1660 while in March it was $1570. It was consistently seen moving down throughout the year. It crashed drastically in June and touched the 1182 mark on the last day of the year. All the hype and hoopla created by gold in the beginning of 2013, seemed to have vanished gradually by the end of 2013.  

Quantitative easing has always been a positive factor for gold as it held down interest rates and stoking inflation fear. But then on the other side, as labour reports and other data showed that the US economy is improving, it initiated scaling back of the stimulus programme. This is stinging into gold’s glitter.

Many investors lost faith in gold as in bullion-backed exchange-traded products shrank for the first time since the first fund was introduced in 2003. Heavy outflows from gold-exchange traded funds also reflected investors' diminishing interest. Holdings on SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, fell three tonnes to their lowest since January 2009 at 801.2 tonnes.  

Since October 2013, gold has been performing poorly. As it entered 2014, gold was seen to be in its best performance since October, as it rose to a two week high on Friday. This upsurge was supported by Chinese demand for gold.  Chinese demand is likely to stay strong in the build up to the Lunar New Year on Jan 31st, when gold is traditionally given as a gift.

Based on published data, Chinese physical gold imports will end 2013 at more than double 2012's record levels, at roughly 1,000 tonnes (below data is through October); and who knows how much more demand the unpublished data would uncover?


For gold, the major costs of mining - i.e., mining and reserve replacement - is at least $1,500/oz., per this quote from Gold Fields' CEO, Nick Holland (Gold Fields is the world's fourth largest gold producer). As for silver, St. Angelo proved prices must be above $25/oz. to enable the mining industry to produce positive cash flow. Now as per the current price levels, I fear if the mines can operate, forget making money out of it. 

Expectations that U.S. economy will improve and the rest of the world's growth will stabilise in 2014 have further undermined the case for holding bullion, as investors look to put their money in riskier assets such as equities.

The US Fed has to be very cautious while scaling back its stimulus program as the much claimed recovery is still happening at a slow pace and can take a halt at any point of time.

There is not much evidence that the global economy is improving. A tapering of QE can have negative effects on all the important stock market which is generally considered as an indicator of growth, development and progress

Things do seem to be improving in the Euro zone too.

All these aspects compel us to think that gold & other bullion metals could have a bearish price impact, technically. But fundamentally, supports do remain strong. 

Well it's too early to comment given the fact that there are a lot of important events coming up for precious metals in the months to come. My take would be a Gold’s price to 30% while Silver price rise to 40%.

Gold in the coming week is expected to trade between $1185 to $1252 an ounce in the international market and Rs.29,000 to Rs. 31,000 per 10 gram in the domestic markets

The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"2013's Last blog"