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Showing posts with label market. Show all posts
Showing posts with label market. Show all posts

Friday, 6 October 2017

September proves to be the worst month of 2017 for gold so far

September was an action-packed month, with North Korean rockets and a succession of monster hurricanes all coming at the markets almost at the same time. Not forgetting the comments coming out from the Federal Reserve that contributed to thefrenzy by giving a clear signal of a December rate hike. In the process, it perhaps single-handedly helped the dollar index recover from a three-year low hit earlier in the month.

Amid a resurgent dollar, the month of September proved to be worst for gold since November 2016. However, as geopolitical tensions soar, with the standoff between the U.S. and North Korea probably topping the list, demand for precious metals surged with Gold ETF holdings rising most since Feb 2017.



Last week, gold prices ended lower on Friday as weak U.S. consumer spending and inflation data did little to alter expectations for a third interest rate increase by the Federal Reserve this year.
The dollar has risen in recent weeks as investors grow more optimistic about the prospect for U.S. rate hikes and tax cuts that some expect to boost the U.S. economy.

Data on Friday showed that
U.S. consumer spending barely rose in August.
Inflation also remained sluggish with the core personal consumption expenditures price index rising 1.3% year-on-year, slowing from 1.4% in July.
The core personal consumption expenditures price index is the Fed’s preferred inflation measure and has a 2% target.

The data did little to temper rate hike bets after Yellen indicated earlier in the week that the central bank was sticking to plans for a third rate hike this year and three in 2018.

The metal recorded its biggest monthly decline so far this year in September, despite netting a quarterly rise of nearly 3 percent partly due to geopolitical tensions including North Korea’s missile tests.

The U.S. currency recorded its best week of the year on Friday, despite benign inflation data for August, as expectations that the Fed would raise interest rates again in December loomed large after Fed Chair Janet Yellen said the central bank planned to stay on its current rate hike path.
Higher interest rates tend to boost the dollar and push bond yields up, weighing on greenback-denominated gold

The dollar’s rise paused on September 28 and 29, but was seen gaining momentum on Monday morning.

Gold slipped to its lowest in nearly seven weeks early on Monday, 2nd October as the U.S. dollar rose and equities gained, while growing expectations for a Federal Reserve interest rate hike in December also added to pressure.

Spot gold was down 0.3 percent at $1,274.90 an ounce by 0353 GMT, after earlier touching its lowest since mid-August at $1,273.55.

Gold prices fell in Asia on Monday as the dollar gained and the euro dropped as investors mulled the implications of the disputed referendum on Catalonia independence in Spain on the euro zone and a sentiment survey out of Japan in a thin trading day with China's markets shut for the week and holidays regionally expected to see thin flows.

Elsewhere,The Bank of Japan released its Tankan survey for the third quarter with investors focused on the large manufacturer’s index as it rose to 22, compared with an expected reading of 18.

This week, comments by Fed Chair Janet Yellen will be closely watched for further hints on the timing of the next rate hike along with Friday’s U.S. jobs report. Market watchers will be looking ahead to remarks by European Central Bank President Mario Draghi on Wednesday.

Gold, silver and platinum prices continue to correct and the stronger dollar and lull in tensions over North Korea, seem to be weighing on prices. We would let the corrections run their course, but the North Korean situation is likely to escalate again at some stage, so the next rally in gold prices may not be that far away.

Thursday, 28 September 2017

Tensions Push while Dollar Pulls Gold Prices

Gold prices have been correcting recent gains, the pullback tested the break-up level at $1,295 per oz and it gave way, which is a sign of weakness. Stints of haven buying have since given prices some lift, but the gains have not been held on to, which suggests a market that is getting tired of the on-going pomposity but lack of progress over North Korea. In addition, the stronger dollar is proving to be a negative for gold prices.



The week began on a positive note for gold as spot gold prices inched higher during Asian morning trading hours on Tuesday September 26 as investors opted for haven assets amid heightened geopolitical tensions.

North Korean accusations and the Kurdish independence referendum threatening to add even more instability to the Middle East saw investors heading for the gold safe haven trade, shrugging off a stronger US dollar in general overnight thus increasing the demand for the yellow metal.

Concerns also arose on straining relations between the USA and Iran after the latter claimed it successfully launched a missile and over oil supply disruptions after Turkey threatened to close the route for Kurdish shipments in retaliation for holding their independence vote.

However on Wednesday the markets witnessed a u turn as gold prices were pulled down over a strengthening US dollar.

The US dollar strengthened on Wednesday following hawkish comments from US Federal Open Market Committee chairwoman Janet Yellen on Tuesday.

The spot gold price remained below $1,300 per oz during Asian morning trading on Wednesday September 27 and was quoted at $1,295.00-1,295.30 per oz as of 04:33 BST, up just $0.95 on the previous session’s close.

Yellen’s speech was interpreted by markets as hawkish as she noted that it would be “imprudent” to keep monetary policy on hold until inflation reaches 2%, thus lending weight to the possibility of a December US rate increase.

Monday, 28 August 2017

Markets seem difficult to trade

After weeks of relative stagnation, gold traders were suddenly awoken to a rise in trade volume and price volatility. In a span of one minute, gold futures contracts equaling more than 2 million ounces traded -- about 20 minutes before Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen was to address a gathering of policy makers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

The occurrence shook the market after a measure of 60-day volatility on the metal touched the lowest since 2005.

 Gold had been lying stable amid political disharmony in Washington, worries about rising U.S. interest rates and escalating geopolitical tensions between the U.S. and North Korea.

Investors were not expecting Yellen to make a policy statement anyway, but some market participants were hoping for some signal on the Fed's planned balance sheet reduction, if not on the outlook for U.S. interest rate hikes.


Yellen’s speech, which lacked clear rate cues, did little to calm the price swings and damped expectations of a rate hike this year.

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President Robert Kaplan helped fuel the sharp move before Yellen’s speech Friday by saying the central bank can afford to be patient on raising interest rates even while noting it should shrink the balance sheet soon.

These comments were dovish and pushed gold prices higher. But then when Yellen didn’t mention monetary policy, things started to stabilize again.

The dollar fell to a three-week low against the euro and a one-week trough versus the yen on Friday after Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen made no reference to U.S. monetary policy in her speech at the annual central bank research conference in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

Instead, Yellen focused on U.S. regulations, saying those put in place after the 2007-2009 crises had strengthened the financial system without impeding economic growth, and any future changes should remain modest.

Dollar had weakened because Yellen "didn't say anything positive for the U.S."

The dollar has been trading higher for most of the week after sharp losses in recent months.

The dollar fell to a one-week low of 109.23 yen after Yellen's speech. It was last down 0.2 percent at 109.33.

The euro, meanwhile, hit a three-week high against the dollar and was last up 0.6 percent at $1.1862.
Focus now shifts to the coming week wherein a few interesting events are lined up.
The yellow metal may remain range-bound in the $1,290s ahead of the U.S. Labor Day holiday on September 4th.

Labor Day can mark a variation point in various economic parameters, including the gold price.  There are also U.S. Fed and ECB policy meetings that will be held in the second half of September and the U.S. FOMC one in particular will be viewed with particular interest vis-à-vis gold given observers will be looking for clues on the likely date for the next interest rate rise decision and/or Fed balance sheet reductions.  The U.S. economy is not showing positive developments as well as forecast by the Fed so there are some who believe any rate increase will now likely be put off until next year.

The period that lies between the Labour Day and The FOMC meeting will be crucial for gold as the markets reactions all depend on this interim period.

Market reaction after Labor Day, and before the FOMC meeting will probably see gold react positively or negatively to economic data (fact or supposition)  coming out in the interim, which may hold gold back from bursting through $1,300, which it would likely do if the FOMC looks like delaying any interest rate rise decision beyond the calendar year end.  An indication that the Fed will indeed continue its tightening programme in December may pull down the gold price , but perhaps not affect its on-going progress in the medium term.

Similarly the ECB policy meeting in Frankfurt, which comes just after the FOMC meeting, will also be followed with strong interest, but may not see any further tightening while the Euro remains at current levels against the dollar.

We still see gold rising through $1,300 and perhaps hitting $1,350 by the year-end, but sometimes Q4 can prove to be a weak period for precious metals, so we are not wholly confident on this prediction.  Currently markets seem difficult to trade!

Friday, 3 February 2017

Budget views 2017



From the previous budget to this year’s- Gold witnessed some key events in the domestic market.
They varied from politics to economic to geopolitical. Namely-

Demonetisation
Prime Minister Narendra  Modi made the surprise announcement on 8th November 2016 that the 500 and 1000 Rupees are just “worthless piece of paper”. The 500 and 1000 Rupees notes have been banned to fight back money and money-laundering. The new 2000 and 500 Rupees notes were released on 8th November 2016. The aftermath of demonetization, banks and ATM across the country faced severe cash shortages.

Goods and service bills passed
Goods and Services Tax bill were passed on 8 August 2016. GST is a proposed system of indirect taxation in India merging most of, the existing taxes into a single system of taxation. It would be a comprehensive indirect tax on the manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and services throughout India, to replace taxes levied by the state and central governments.

Surgical Strike Against Pakistan
The Indian said that it had conducted “Surgical Strikes against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir on 29 September 2016. Lt Gen Ranbir Singh (DGMO) said that it had received “very credible and specific information” about “terrorist teams” who were preparing to “carry out infiltration and conduct terrorist strikes inside Jammu and Kashmir and in various metros in other states”. The Indian action was meant to pre-empt their infiltration.

But of the ones mentioned above gold was majorly affected in the year end by the announcement of demonetisation scheme.

Gold has been a beneficiary and even a victim of demonetisation. On a net basis, this demonetisation exercise as of now has been neutral for gold. As the demonetisation alarm bells rang, the rush to buy gold was almost immediate. As media reports suggest and also confirmed by gold import numbers, a lot of gold was sold on the night of November 8, as many rushed to buy gold with old notes. Post that, as the cash crunch hit the economy, there was a significant decline in discretionary spending including gold.

In many of our pre budget expectations over the past few years, we have always proposed to make the gold industry more organised. Fortunately, the demonetisation scheme, launching of a gold scheme and making PAN number compulsory for purchases of gold jewellery worth more than Rs 2 lakh shows the seriousness of government in making the making gold a commodity and thus channelizing it into a more organised way.These are signs of positive policy

After a neutral financial year for gold industry in India, all eyes were on the Finance Minister for the budget that was presented today- Feb 1st. This date marks the change in previous customary budget schedules which usually took place at around the end of February, usually February 28. The gold industry was hoping for a change from last few years of high import duties to a more reduced levy.

The industry was expecting a reduction in duty not onlyfor the interest of the dealers but also for the good of the common man.

However, there was no such announcement and duties have been unchanged. The budget is neutral for the gold industry and overall positive. On a scale of 1 to 10 I would rate this budget as 6.5.

Saturday, 17 January 2015

ALL NOTIONS TO SEE GOLD AT $800 DESTROYED!!!

                                                                                                             - By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL




A few weeks earlier, we saw a lot of noise in the market…but this time it seems that someone left the loudspeakers on!

Well, oil and SNB played the game here.Precious metals showed great volatility- all thanks to the fluctuating oil prices.

Crude oil was highly volatile after a report from Paris based energy agency IEA depicted a likely reduction in Non-OPEC output for 2015 by 350,000 BPD. 

Moreover, gold and silver prices soared in Euro terms after the SNB moves and now many market players are beginning to wonder if a loss of confidence after the Swiss fiasco has started a run on gold? 

Bullion traders said sentiment turned better after gold rallied to the highest since September in global markets as the dollar weakened after Switzerland decoupled its currency to the euro and lowered the deposit rate.

Gold had closed at 1276.50 following a brief intraday break above 1280, its highest level since September 2014. We look to the September 2nd open of 1286 as the next important level of
Resistance, followed by 1300 and 1320. Momentum indicators are increasingly bullish.

Gold regained its safe-haven mantle following a shocking and unforeseen decision by the Swiss Central Bank (SNB) to scrap its cap on the franc’s exchange rate against the euro.


After the SNB- Swiss National Bank dropped the bombshell on the markets Thursday morning, the prices of the precious metals had gone in one direction… UP.  In just two days, the price of gold was up $40 and silver $1.10.

Post this action, gold rose more than 2 percent to a 4 month high in Thursday. This was a result of the move by Switzerland to abandon its three-year cap on the franc sent global shares and bond yields into turmoil. 

Following the Swiss National Bank’s unprecedented move to abandon the franc’s peg to the euro, the country’s currency had appreciated sharply against the U.S. dollar. The surge in the Swiss franc…means it is now the most overvalued of all the developed market (DM) currencies in terms of the deviation of the real effective exchange rate from its 10-year average

The SNB has been under growing pressure to revisit the peg as speculation grows that the European Central Bank could introduce outright money-printing as early as next week, which could see the euro zone flooded with liquidity.
It looks as is the SNB decision has finally destroyed the notion of $800 gold ever again.

Furthermore, a Labor Department report released on Thursday showed that Jobless claims climbed by 19,000 to 316,000 in the week ended Jan. 10, the most since early September, from a revised 297,000 in the prior period.

Adding to it, the gold price climbed on Friday after a lackluster US inflation report had participants readjusting their timetable for the next Federal Reserve rate increase.

In data, the US consumer price index fell 0.4 percent last month, the biggest drop since December 2008, after sliding 0.3 percent in November. It also undershot the -0.3 percent forecast.

This goes directly against the Federals Reserve’s mandate to achieve inflation of around two percent as the reports imply a deflationary trend. Which further means that the fed may probably delay its rate increase as it would want to know that inflation is on track to hit this level before acting?
Additionally, deciding not to reduce stimulus in 2015 would also be consistent with a goal-oriented approach to the employment mandate.
Additionally, Holdings of SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, rose to 717.15 tons on Friday from 707.59 tons from its previous close on Thursday.

Fall in equities and worries over Euro area political and debt issues might continue to help Bullion complex as a whole and mainly the yellow metal.
Next week we could see further volatility as the ECB are set to meet and it is widely expected they will announced a broad-based government bond purchases.
We stay with our moderate positive bias in Gold and advice buying on small dips.




- Previous blog - "Lot of Things To Smile About For Precious Metals"

http://riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2015/01/lots-ofthings-to-smile-about-for.html



Monday, 17 March 2014

LOTS OF IF's AND BUT's FOR GOLD

-by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari,MD,RSBL






Last year it was Syria...This year it’s Ukraine. Geopolitical tensions have always been a booster for gold and other precious metals and it has helped gold in enjoying its safe haven appeal as it always does in times of economic turmoil recession, inflation etc.

This week gold remained on the top and showed some interesting record movements too.
Gold prices bounced on Friday during the trading hours, rising 3.3 per cent from last week's close at 1385$ per ounce, a level not witnessed since early September. Gold sailed through US$1,380 and was on course for a sixth successive week of gains as the situation in Ukraine showed no signs of easing.

Apart from the Ukraine Crisis deceleration of Chinese economic growth has dampened the investors risk appetites. Retail Sales and Industrial output figures were out this week and it has been quite disappointing. According to MNI, a Chinese Government source said not to panic if 1Q GDP would be below target. This once again raised the question that the all so hyped China and its economy and its hunger for gold was just a temporary thing? Well we need to wait and watch

This uncertainty surrounding the rising economies has to an extent eroded investors confidence. The catalyst for a shift in risk sentiment remains to be seen as the market shrugged off positive US data overnight, suggesting the potential for a lacklustre reaction to upcoming Consumer Confidence figures.

Gold continues to be well supported as Russia is seemingly un-phased by the prospect of sanctions from the West. The population in the Crimea province votes this weekend on whether to secede from the Ukraine, with the way the ballot has been set out seemingly certain to guarantee that is the outcome say observers. It is likely to be followed by the US and its allies imposing sanctions on Russia on Monday, potentially starting a round of tit-for-tat retaliation with serious implications for financial markets and the US dollar.

The last time gold had such a gold run was in July/August 2011, soon after which the metal started its climb to the all-time record high of $1,921 per troy ounce.

Looking at the week ahead, if emerging markets fears abate and US data continues to improve; traders may ease out of safe-haven plays like US Treasuries. The resulting rise in yields would likely help the greenback to recover some lost ground, which in turn would weigh on gold prices. 

If situation in Ukraine results in unrest or rioting, gold prices would breach $1,400. But if the Ukrainian situation either resolves itself in the coming days or stabilizes to the current standoff and does not further escalate gold could sell off quickly — returning towards $1,300 an ounce. 

Lots of ifs and buts for the Gold next move! But one thing is clear, safe haven appeal of Gold will always be there.

For the week gold is expected to range between $1364-$1420 an ounce in the international market and Rs.29,500-Rs.31,500 per 10 gram in the domestic market.

On the other hand, silver is expected to range between $20.55-$22.00 and Rs.45,000-Rs.48,00 in the international and domestic markets respectively.



The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"Gold Trapped?"

http://www.riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2014/03/gold-trapped.html

Sunday, 16 February 2014

LET'S GET GOLD !!

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)




Look in to the past- it was Feb 2013....Look in to the present- it is Feb 2014- Gold has risen 11 % since the beginning of the year....
Gold has shown some remarkable performances Since Jan-
1) Gold is up over 10 per cent since the 2013 closing lows
2)Gold crossed the $1300 mark for first time in over a year
3) The $1300 mark cross over has made gold reach a three month high in the week
4) this three month high posted its biggest weekly gains since October 2013.


Just "a" particular cause cannot be held responsible for this-

- Weak US economic data

- Deteriorating weather conditions in the US

- Political uncertainty in the Euro Zone

- SDPR posting its biggest inflow since December 2013

- Rising demand for gold from China

All of the above mentioned reasons are somewhere, directly or indirectly responsible for the rally in gold prices.

By the end of the week gold received a good booster by the weak US economic data release. The report shows that U.S. retail sales fell unpredictably in January. U.S*retail sales fell 0.4% in January*
Adding to it, more Americans filed for jobless benefits last week. Initial weekly jobless claims rose by 8,000 to 339,000, missing forecasts for a decline to 330,000.
The ICE dollar index, which tracks the greenback against six other currencies,declined to 80.308 from 80.718 late Wednesday. 
In all, the entire scenario gave a good push to gold prices. This weak economic development has once again raised questions over whether the world's biggest economy can sustain growth and made some investors hope the Fed would take a slower approach to tapering its bond purchases.

The disappointing U.S retail sales data weighed on the dollar, increasing the appeal for bullion, prices of which were sustained by the weak data releases from US as it reinforced the investors that Fed will take a slower approach to tapering its bond purchases.

Furthermore, extremely cold and unfavourable and unseasonable snowy conditions in US have hit the retails sales which has always been considered as a parameter to determine consumer spending. deteriorating conditions have also been a reason for a drop in sales.

Large parts of the United States have been gripped by freezing temperatures and snow storms, which caused investors to largely discount both the day's and other recent weak data that suggested the economy started the year on weaker footing.
shares in Europe dipped, as Italy was affected by the prevailing uncertainty  that raised worries about efforts to turn around Italy's sputtering economy.

However hopes once again prevailed as the way was left open for center left leader Matteo Renzi to take over, once Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta would tender his resignation.

Additionally, SPDR- world's largest gold backed exchange traded fund, posted its biggest inflow since late December 2013. Holdings rose 7.50 tonnes to 806.35 tonnes on Thursday,
 This further strengthened investors sentiments.
While in China, consumer demand has always been rising and it has now overtaken India as the largest bullion consumer as it topped 1000 tonnes for the first time in 2013.

In the physical markets, bullion was also underpinned after India's trade ministry said it has recommended easing curbs on gold imports, after a 77 percent drop in imports for January that helped narrow the country's trade deficit.


During times of economic turmoil, gold has always enjoyed the status of a safe haven asset and has always had an inverse relation with equities.
But an interesting fact to be noted was that as gold performed well, equities too were on a rise.

Indeed the recovery in the gold price has coincided with a 0.5-percentage-point increase in the U.S. equity risk premium and a decline in U.S. real yields. This has been a favourable atmosphere for gold prices to rise.

Other precious metals are on the rise with Palladium up for the 8th day in a row (the longest streak since July), Platinum up 6 days in a row (long since July) and Silver up 10 days in a row breaking $20.50.

Gold’s gains in 2014 have been helped by soft U.S. economic data and emerging-market stress, but the metal’s strength may not last once economic data improve again.

The underlying notion that central banks are slowing down their quantitative easing is boosting gold's appeal as an inflation hedge and alternative currency. 
    
Speculation that the Fed might hold off further reduction of stimulus had strongly supported gold by keeping interest rates at rock bottom while stoking inflation fears. 

There is no surety of how well and for how long will these gold prices be sustained. A we head towards March, weather conditions in US tend to improve and can once again boos consumer spending. the rapid rebound in the S&P 500 over the past week would suggest that the sources of support for the gold price from a rising equity risk premium may be coming to an end. 

Now we wait for March or rather lets march towards March !!


The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.


- Previous blog -  "Is the golden egg about to hatch??"

http://riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2014/02/is-golden-egg-about-to-hatch.html

Saturday, 4 January 2014

PRECIOUS SWEET REVENGE- WHATS NEXT??

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)




In the first trading week of 2014, gold was seen taking revenge to all those investors who shifted from gold to equities and other assets in 2013. Many claimed that gold has lost its glitter and is no more a return generating asset. By its performance in the first week of 2014, gold put a lock to many peaking mouths. In fact other precious metals like silver and platinum followed suit , with platinum touching a six-week high and palladium climbing to a three-week high, heading for its biggest weekly gain since October.

But then again debaters said that gold has shown similar trend in 2013. Recalling gold in 2013 at this time of the year, I remember that gold moved sharply in Jan but then plunged terribly throughout the year. On 2nd Jan, 2013, gold opened at $1664. Then in Feb it was seen trading at $1660 while in March it was $1570. It was consistently seen moving down throughout the year. It crashed drastically in June and touched the 1182 mark on the last day of the year. All the hype and hoopla created by gold in the beginning of 2013, seemed to have vanished gradually by the end of 2013.  

Quantitative easing has always been a positive factor for gold as it held down interest rates and stoking inflation fear. But then on the other side, as labour reports and other data showed that the US economy is improving, it initiated scaling back of the stimulus programme. This is stinging into gold’s glitter.

Many investors lost faith in gold as in bullion-backed exchange-traded products shrank for the first time since the first fund was introduced in 2003. Heavy outflows from gold-exchange traded funds also reflected investors' diminishing interest. Holdings on SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, fell three tonnes to their lowest since January 2009 at 801.2 tonnes.  

Since October 2013, gold has been performing poorly. As it entered 2014, gold was seen to be in its best performance since October, as it rose to a two week high on Friday. This upsurge was supported by Chinese demand for gold.  Chinese demand is likely to stay strong in the build up to the Lunar New Year on Jan 31st, when gold is traditionally given as a gift.

Based on published data, Chinese physical gold imports will end 2013 at more than double 2012's record levels, at roughly 1,000 tonnes (below data is through October); and who knows how much more demand the unpublished data would uncover?


For gold, the major costs of mining - i.e., mining and reserve replacement - is at least $1,500/oz., per this quote from Gold Fields' CEO, Nick Holland (Gold Fields is the world's fourth largest gold producer). As for silver, St. Angelo proved prices must be above $25/oz. to enable the mining industry to produce positive cash flow. Now as per the current price levels, I fear if the mines can operate, forget making money out of it. 

Expectations that U.S. economy will improve and the rest of the world's growth will stabilise in 2014 have further undermined the case for holding bullion, as investors look to put their money in riskier assets such as equities.

The US Fed has to be very cautious while scaling back its stimulus program as the much claimed recovery is still happening at a slow pace and can take a halt at any point of time.

There is not much evidence that the global economy is improving. A tapering of QE can have negative effects on all the important stock market which is generally considered as an indicator of growth, development and progress

Things do seem to be improving in the Euro zone too.

All these aspects compel us to think that gold & other bullion metals could have a bearish price impact, technically. But fundamentally, supports do remain strong. 

Well it's too early to comment given the fact that there are a lot of important events coming up for precious metals in the months to come. My take would be a Gold’s price to 30% while Silver price rise to 40%.

Gold in the coming week is expected to trade between $1185 to $1252 an ounce in the international market and Rs.29,000 to Rs. 31,000 per 10 gram in the domestic markets

The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"2013's Last blog"

Friday, 20 December 2013

GOLD-PAST PERFORMANCE, PRESENT PRICES & POTENTIAL PREDICTIONS

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)

Gold acted like a new born baby this year. It showed new movements and new trends which were quite difficult to understand, analyze and justify. But this baby though adopted by many was also abandoned by a handful chunk of people.

Gold that has always stood proud in its category, for the first time in 13 years, it gave negative returns. Moreover, it’s headed for an annual drop of 25 percent. Gold has been in a significant bear market since reaching a record high at $1,910 an ounce in 2011. On April 15, the gold price plunged about 9%—the biggest one-day loss ever for the yellow metal.  In its collapse gold bullion lost $705 an ounce or 37% of its value to the recent low at $1,195. Some say the no. '13’ as considered unlucky by many; has proved to be inauspicious for gold too.  

The international markets witnessed the following highlights in the year 2013 that were responsible for volatile movement of bullion prices.

  • Cyprus Bailout
  • Syrian Conflict 
  • Statement by FED that it may taper its bond buying program by late 2013
  • US government shutdown
  • US debt ceiling being raised

Throughout the 1st quarter gold was seen in a range of 1554$ an ounce to 1695$ an ounce. Though gold declined to $1554 in February it managed to cross the 1600 mark in March - Thanks to Cyprus. The Cyprus crisis had offered gold a helping hand, after investors had been pulling out of the precious metal 

On the other hand, the Indian government hiked duty on gold to 6 per cent from 4 per cent to rectify the current account deficit on January 21, 2013. Gold also saw a booster coming in from US lawmakers that were successful in averting the fiscal cliff at the 12th hour, this too pushed up gold prices.

On Friday, 12th April, Gold witnessed a record drop and for the first time in history it crashed 80 dollars in a single trading day this reaching $1484. Panic selling had triggered this downfall.

Some 158,200 taels of gold bullion (roughly six tonnes) were sold in six auctions held by the State Bank of Vietnam. There was news that as soon as the international markets opened, Merryl Lynch sold 4 million ounces of gold.

Heavy ETF selling was also seen in the markets.Gold dropped further trading at 1385$ at one point of time.Till mid June gold managed to be above the $1400 mark but news about the recovery of the US economy dropped gold prices and it was seen trading at around 1385$.

During mid July the FOMC minutes reviewed that many Fed governors would like to see more signs of improvement in jobs before agreeing to taper.

What came as a turning point for gold was the civil war at Syria. Gold prices rallied above $1430. Meanwhile, in South Africa the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) has given 48 hours' notice of a strike at South Africa's gold producers. This too affected gold prices.

While in the domestic market, the Indian rupee slipped for the third consecutive day in a row on Wednesday to close at a fresh record low of 68.80 per dollar, as uncertainty over a possible US-led military strike against Syria knocked down Asian equity markets and currencies. This was the biggest ever single day fall for the currency since 1995. But then in September, stepped in Mr. Raghuram Rajan- he was then considered the savior of the depreciating rupee.

The FOMC meet began on 18th September and was over by the 19th. All expectations, rumors, speculations and predictions were finally put to a halt. 

Just when India marked the onset of its festive season, the US was heading for a partial shutdown. Though the partial shutdown did not create much impact on gold prices globally, this shutdown along with the debt ceiling will surely have a major impact on bullion prices worldwide. As shutdown entered its second week, there prevailed a lot of uncertainty in the markets.

Finally, in the first week of November, just after Halloween, the Fed stated that it would not taper its bind buying right away as it needs concrete evidence over US economy's growth. Though this should have pushed up the gold prices, completely opposite happened. Gold was down 6.1% in November, the worst performance since June when prices touched a 34-month low of 1180.5$

U.S. Senate leaders finally announce a deal to end a political crisis that had partially shut down the federal government and brought the world's biggest economy close to a debt default that could have threatened global financial calamity. The deal, however, offered only a temporary fix and does not resolve the fundamental issues of spending and deficits.
But what came in as a silver lining in the dark clouds for gold was the demand for gold from China. It finally overtook India as the largest consumer for gold as it imported 131 tonnes of gold in October through Hong Kong.

It is rather the month of December that was considered a deciding factor for gold's fate as the most awaited and much discussed FED meeting concluded on 18th. It is in this meeting that the Fed was supposed to give a final decision as to when the tapering would begin for the final time in 2013. Though many investors believed that tapering would take place in early 2014, The Fed had a surprise package for all. It probably accommodated a bit everyone for Christmas, by announcing a somehow symbolic $10 billion taper to start in January, target to end QE around the end of 2014, but on the other hand promising to keep low rates for a well past time until the unemployment rate would drop below 6.5%. Gold quickly fell to 1215.80, while the S&P 500 rallied close to the all-time high. Gold in the Indian market dropped Rs.1000 per 10 gram late in the evening. The total Gold ETF holdings are currently 57.41 Moz compared to 86.62 Moz at the start of 2013. Total gold ETF holdings are now back at the lowest level since Novemeber, 2013. 

The tapering news got along with it a firm belief that the Global economic scenario is improving and we will near the end of recession soon.

Conclusion
Gold has lost its appeal as a safe haven asset. But yes, the market is still divided into two segments. Some who have abandoned gold like the net outflows of ETFs while others who have adopted it with the belief that gold prices will rise and the metal will always serve with a safe haven appeal like the central banks of the world. 

I feel, Gold should not be always thought as a short term profit making option, rather it should be thought in terms of grams that would safeguard your future. I always remember my great grandfather saying "don't buy gold to make profits...buy gold because its eternal....it's pure wealth and its enduring and come what may-  GOLD WILL ALWAYS STAND BY YOUR SIDE:- This feeling has sunk in so well not only with me but I guess with entire India.

And that's the reason that gold has always been the favorite metal for Indians.


PREDICTIONS 2014

By now everyone would believe hat 2013 has been one of the worst years for gold.
If we take a look at gold's performance over the past decades we see that gold has given highest returns compared to any other asset in its class. I would advise investors, to have patience and just follow one mantra "Buy on Dips"

It's quite difficult to predict gold prices. A trade range can though be noted down. There are a lot of factors that are involved in the making and breaking of gold prices. These factors influence the price of gold and gold is directly or indirectly dependent on them. What we assume that in case there is another eruption of a financial crisis or any new geo political crisis, gold prices may break new highs and continue to rise strongly as a result of the supposed function of gold as a safe haven.

Following will be the key factors that will be responsible for the movement of gold prices in 2014.
  • US Debt ceiling
  • QE tapering
  • Demand for gold from China
  • Union Budget 2014 (for the domestic market)
  • Finance ministry directives (for the domestic market)
  • Mining companies 
  • Interest rates
  • US economic data

Gold is still at the mercy of the dollar. What this means is as volatile as it is with the Fed’s back-and-forth on the possible taper, gold will continue to play off what the dollar does into 2014.

The average base price for gold in 2014 is expected to be 1375$ an ounce. In the domestic market gold is expected to move in a range of Rs.25,000 - Rs.33,000 per 10 gram and the average base price for the same is expected to be around Rs.28,000. 
The average base price for Silver is expected to be around $25.00. The average base price for silver is the domestic market would be somewhere around Rs.45,000 per kg and the trade range for silver is expected to be Rs.37,000- Rs.55,000 per kg.


The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"As the year ends does the bull market for gold end too?"


Sunday, 15 December 2013

AS THE YEAR ENDS DOES THE BULL MARKET FOR GOLD END TOO?

-By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL (RiddiSiddhi Bullions Ltd.)






For so many years, gold has given gains and has also been the highest return generating asset in its class. But this trend seems to come to an end now where majority of the market believes that gold is now set to enter the bear market after 13 long years.

Varied reasons are responsible for this sentiments- 

A loose monetary policy, continued fear of a further and worse economic crisis due to weak global economic growth prospers and continuous prediction of impending inflation and devaluation of fiat currencies, these are the major reasons apart from the minute ones responsible for creating  belief in the market that the upswing for gold has come to an end.

Bullion surged 70 percent from the end of 2008 through June 2011 as the Fed bought debt and kept interest rates near zero percent to boost economic growth amid the most-severe global recession since World War II.

Interest rates have been kept low by the fed's massive bond buying programme and this has always supported bullion.

But now there is uncertainty over the market that the Fed may soon start tapering its bond buying programme either in march or may be soon in December. This picture will get clear in the coming Fed Meeting to be held on 17-18 December.

Spot gold hit a three week high on Tuesday trading at $1260.24 during the day, It rose as much as 1.6 per cent. This rise was seen gaining momentum, after the market's recent short-covering rally while investors and analysts speculated over the timing of U.S. monetary stimulus reduction

Just after a gain of two days, gold slipped on Wednesday as short-sellers rushed to cover bets on sharp price falls, as a tentative U.S. budget deal returned the focus to prospects for the Federal Reserve to curb monetary stimulus.

As soon as the US retail sales data was out on Thursday, gold fell 2 per cent. The data boosted the dollar and fueled expectations that the Fed could reduce its bond buying programme in somewhere in December itself.

The US data released in Thursday, showed that retail sales had climbed 0.7 per cent. Many traders and analysts in the market are living with the belief that the Fed may start scaling back its bond purchases at the forthcoming meeting to be held on Dec 17-18. This decision would be based on positive economic data coming in from the US on employment, housing, construction, manufacturing and services sector. Another factor that prompts  the Fed to taper QE is the recent budget agreements that shows hope of a shutdown being overcome.

Though gold rose one per cent on Friday after a two day plunge. the marketers still believe that gold is subject to further downfall in the coming week as we witness one of the most important meetings of the Fed. This shall hopefully be a fate deciding factor for the bullion market.

Apart from the retail sales data, some important news came in from the SPDR Gold Trust- the biggest golf ETF. It states that the holding in the SPDR gold trust had fallen the most in nearly two months in Thursday. The limited inflows has restricted an upward movement in gold prices.

But in the Asian markets gold was seen selling at high premiums. Premiums on the Shanghai Gold Exchange for 99.99 percent purity gold picked up to $10 an ounce from $7 in the previous session.

In a sign of the toll that labour unrest in South Africa is taking on mining companies, North am Platinum said on Friday it expected to lose 500 million rand ($48 million) this year due to a strike by more than 7,000 employees and that talks to end the walk-out would resume only next year.

Moreover, there were reports out that North Korea is selling huge quantity of gold to China because of a possible economic crisis in the country. If at all this news its true and it will be a significant driving point for precious metals.

The trade range for gold is $1210- $1270 an ounce in the international markets and Rs.29000 to Rs.31,000  per 10 gram the domestic markets



The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets- MD,RSBL (Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"Frenzy Friday"
http://www.riddisiddhibullionsltd.blogspot.in/2013/12/frenzy-friday.html