RSBL Gold Silver Bars/Coins

Saturday, 31 October 2015

Sovereign Gold Bonds Scheme by India & FED Rate Hike - Timing Matters: RSBL!

- Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, Managing Director, RSBL

Rather than talking about International Bullion, I am glad to put forward the decision of Government of India, in consultation with Reserve Bank of India (RBI), to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds. A welcome move by Government of India, after their announcement during the Budget. The best part of this is:
  1. The investors will be compensated at a fixed rate of 2.75% per annum payable semi-annually on the initial value of investment. This a good interest rate that their offering as compared to the policy that they issued a decade back. For Indians who purchase Gold with a traditional respect can now get a chance to earn a fixed interest rate along with the benefit of Price appreciation.
  2. Minimum permissible investment will be 2 units (i.e. 2 grams of gold. With already a wave of new bank accounts being opened due to Jan Dhan Yojna, this minimum permissible investment gives an added advantage to reach the masses who can invest as low as 2 grams.

My personal feeling is that the scheme would be a huge success with the financial, safety implications that have been covered in alternative to holding physical gold at home.

I am sure Sovereign Gold Bonds shall raise a new chapter in Indian Bullion Industry.

As mentioned in my previous Blogs, Gold is still a sell on rallies. The physiological level s US$1200 is yet to be broken convincingly if we talk about it on a technical front. Fundamentally, lower the price the better the buying opportunity.

The data dependent week for gold finished in the prices in red as investor sentiment eroded due to uncertainty in US monetary policy.

On Wednesday, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) chose not to increase the federal funds rate but it did remove the prior concern over global growth and volatility. This was largely interpreted in the market as hawkish, signaling higher rates from the Federal Open Market Committee’s December 15-16 meeting.

I do feel that you would be a bit confused that if FED is not increasing the interest rates, it is good signs for Bullion as the safe heaven appeal rises due to uncertainties in economy. But the December meeting is the most anticipated one. There has been growth in US economy and as the FED says it has been moderately paced. But they cannot go on throughout their time with negative interest rates. The timing is crucial and that is where the whole delay is. So the rates increase has already priced in Gold poor show. The spot gold price was last at $1,1141.40/1,141.90 per ounce, down $5.70 on Thursday’s close. Silver prices followed the Gold fall where the last recorded price was $15.57/15.62.

RSBL SPOT Gold Price

Some of the important data released this week weren’t meeting the expectation of FED:
  1. A Negative Advance GDP q/q print of 1.5% instead of 1.6% was a small hiccup for US economy.
  2. CB consumer confidence in US showed a gloomy picture of 97.6 instead of 102.5
  3. Core Durable Goods Orders m/m for US posted a negative performance too of -0.4% instead of 0.0%

US data releases between now and mid-December will be viewed as crucial but a major obstacle for the US central bank’ policy-setting board will be a key few who believe inflation should reach – or at least approach – the Fed’s target of two percent before a lift-off. Though a part of the FOMC wants to hold off until 2016, Fed chair Janet Yellen has said repeatedly she would prefer to rise the federal funds rate this year despite poor inflation and the tepid US economic recovery.

A rate hike this December would weigh on gold and given the recent gains in positioning could mean a deeper correction than would have been otherwise. A drop in gold prices would mean a good buying opportunity for physical buyers in China who need to stock up for the Lunar New Year festivities. Though the festival falls in the second half of February, people might advance their purchases if a dip in gold prices is witnessed.

Investors will now, desperately, await the December meeting for a potential normalization of monetary policy. Expectations in financial markets about a possible rate hike by the Fed this year are low, but a Fed rate hike is not completely priced out yet.

US data releases between now and the December 16 FOMC meeting will likely be very important as market participants try to gauge the health of the economy and whether or not a potential move in December would be justified. The Fed is ‘data dependent’ and there shall be a great deal of new information that shall be released between now and the December meeting, much of which shall have to turn for the better if the Fed is going to act

Technical Range for Gold price and Silver price next week:

International price range
Domestic price range
$1126 - $1177 per ounce
INR 26100 – INR 27000 per 10gm
$14.47 - $16.20 per ounce
INR 35200 – INR 38500 per Kg

The primary purpose of this blog by Prithviraj Kothari - MD, RSBL, is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.

Sunday, 25 October 2015


By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MS RSBL

Amidst continued uncertainty regarding the Fed’s monetary policy, gold has off late, lost direction. 

It was moving in the positive territory. But on Friday, but gold erased intra-day gains, closing down on the day and lower on the week. The yellow metal yielded to pressure from a strong rally in the U.S. dollar.

The dollar gained ground, especially versus the Euro, following this week's European Central Bank meeting that hinted at further monetary easing this year. The dollar also garnered additional strength in the wake of interest rate cuts by the People's Bank of China (PBOC) on Friday. 

Some market analysts feel that the overnight monetary policy action by the Chinese central bank has created some mixed sentiments in the market. Moreover, before China’s announcement, the European Central Bank (ECB) announced that it is leaving the door open for more quantitative easing measures or even pushing the deposit rate deeper into negative territory in December.

Gold was a little changed on Thursday afternoon in London after the ECB decided to leave the rates unchanged.

The spot gold price was last seen trading in the range of $1,162.8 to $1,172.0.
Adding to the sentiments, was data indicators coming in from US: 

  •  US weekly unemployment claims rose by 3,000, to 259,000 in the week ending October 17, 2015. However, they were below the forecast of 265,000 and under the psychologically important 300,000 mark.
  • The House Price Index (HPI) for August came lower than expected at 0.3 percent as did CB leading index at -0.2 percent.
  •  Existing home sales were better than expected at 5.55 million.
Now that we have some crucial data coming in next week, not only from the US but other leading and developing economies as well, some analysts feel the Federal Reserve is losing its dominance in the marketplace.

Gold traders are bracing for a heavy slate of U.S. economic releases next week, along with key central bank meetings from the U.S. Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan. The focus could be on BoJ that meets next week and there is a growing expectation that it will announce new easing measures, which are expected to remain steady.

Moreover, the central bank is also slated to release its Outlook Report with forecasts for inflation and the GDP. 

Meanwhile in the domestic market, we saw a sluggish demand for gold. Following the nine-day Hindu festival of Navratri, India celebrated Dussehra on Thursday where demand for gold usually rises as people consider it auspicious to buy gold on this day.

But, a slow and easing demand for gold further declined the prices even though globally gold prices were rising.
The fourth quarter is typically a strong period for gold purchases in India, the world’s second biggest bullion consumer, due to festivals and weddings.

Demand from rural areas has been hit particularly hard, as farmers suffer from the first back-to-back drought in India in three decades.
Two-thirds of gold demand in India comes from farmers and residents of small villages who see jewellery as way to store wealth. But lower-than-normal monsoon rainfall this year due to El Nino weather pattern has eroded rural incomes.

One of the most awaited meetings of the Fed, due on October 27-28, could turn out to be a non-event for gold traders as markets speculate a delay in interest rate hike. The Fed's statement will be released on Wednesday and there is no press conference associated with this meeting. 

Apart from the Fed policy, traders are also monitoring the U.S. debt-ceiling situation. The U.S. federal government is moving closer to the deadline where it needs to raise the nation's $18.1 trillion borrowing limit.
The important reports coming in next week are:
·         Monday: Home Sales
·         Tuesday: Durable goods and consumer confidence
·         Thursday: Third quarter GDP and pending homes sales
·         Friday: The core PCE index on Friday. 

Next week's main event:
These events may provide clues of economic strength and inflation that could support potential for a Fed rate hike in December. 

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog-
"Data- Dependent Gold: RSBL"

Saturday, 17 October 2015


By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

This week gold continued to hover around the levels of $1176.75 and broadly the key trade range for the yellow metal was $1170- $1175 an ounce.

Gold reached a four-month high of $1,192 on Thursday but was unable to maintain this level, because the US dollar was driven up by higher than expected US inflation figures for September, which in turn put pressure on gold.
Fed has set inflation target for years as it’s a part of the dual-mandate along with full employment. But Inflation has failed to meet the Fed’s target.

Persistently low inflation has led some Fed members to remain dovish on the apt timing for a stabilization of US monetary policy.
At the beginning of the week, Chicago Federal Reserve president Charles Evans said earlier today that he would prefer to wait until 2016 to raise interest rates, citing inflation as a central impediment.
Moreover, Data released on Thursday showed that the US labor market is steadily recovering despite the worrisome September job’s report – weekly unemployment claims came in at 255,000, below the consensus of 269,000.

Apart from this some other important data released through the week were-

  • US CPI month-over-month in September met expectations of a 0.2 percent decline
  • PPI month-over-month in September dipped 0.5 percent, disappointing market expectations of a 0.2 percent drawdown
  • Empire State manufacturing index for October at -11.4 was worse than the expected -7.3
  • The Philly Fed manufacturing index at -4.5 missed the -1.8 forecast
  • Core retail sales month-over-month in September fell 0.3 percent, below the forecast of -0.1 percent. Retail sales over the same period rose 0.1 percent, just missing the 0.2 percent consensus
  •  Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) said its Consumer Price Index fell by 0.2% for the month of September, in line with consensus estimates. A month earlier, the reading fell by 0.1% in August. On a year over year basis, the headline reading is identical to its level 12 months ago
  • Core PPI month-over-month last month stood at -0.3 percent, another figure to miss estimates, which were a 0.1 percent uptick

Though the Core CPI was moving in a positive direction from its previous levels of August still it remained under the Fed's preferred gauge of under 1.5%.
The set target for long term inflation by the Fed is likely 2% before it raises its benchmark Federal Funds Rate.

Gold prices eased in Asia on Friday on profit taking on recent gains on a soft. Outlook for U.S. interest rates. On Thursday morning, the U.S. Department of There were signals throughout the report of weakness in the energy sector, restraining inflationary pressures overall.
The spot gold price was last at $1,176/1,176.20 per ounce, down $5.90 on Thursday’s close. 

Jobs data has acquired greater significance after the US Federal Reserve made its approach to the normalization of monetary policy entirely data-dependent.

Gold drifted lower still on Friday morning in Europe after dollar continued to pare earlier losses thanks to better-than-expected US jobs data.

As dissent grows in the Federal Reserve over the appropriate measures for 2015, the dollar has deteriorated to the weakest mark since August 25.

Various Fed members are growing more vocal in their view that the US economy is not ready for a federal funds hike – in direct opposition of Chairwoman Janet Yellen.

Yellen, along with vice chair Stanley Fischer, have said recently that a normalization of US monetary is still a viable option for 2015.

However as per market analysts, the FOMC is not seen lifting rates until March at the earliest.

While the market is once again divided into bearish and bullish supporters, the yellow-metal has found support as the market’s pricing of the next US Federal Reserve rate hike is pushed out.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog-
"Ambiguity For Gold: RSBL"

Saturday, 10 October 2015


 By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

As we all know, lately gold has been majorly influenced by any data released from the Fed regarding its interest rate.

Gold prices dropped in Asia on Thursday as China markets returned from holidays and investors stake positions ahead of Fed minutes later in the day.

Trading activity had become more muted as the September Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting minutes approached.

Investors awaited the release of the minutes from the Fed's September meeting on Thursday for further hints on whether the U.S. central bank could raise short-term interest rates before the end of the year.

A combination of a weakening US economy and sowing down Chinese one, led to a delay in the rate hike expectation.
Now majority of the market players believe that rate hike won’t come in before March 2016.

Gold prices climbed on Friday morning after the release of minutes of the Federal Reserve’s September meeting raised speculation that the US central bank could wait until next year before tightening monetary policy.
Spot gold was last at $1,154/1,154.40 per ounce, up $14.40 on Thursday’s close. Trade has ranged from $1,139.50 to $1,154.60 so far.

The shifting expectations are helping to weaken the U.S. dollar and in turn boosting gold prices. Early in Friday’s session, December gold futures ended up hitting their highest prices since late August and are preparing to end with gains of almost 2% for the week. As of 12:40 p.m. EDT, December gold last traded at $1,158.70 an ounce.

One of the main reasons, apart from soft data, that has delayed the rate hike is the limo inflation in the US. It has prevented the central bank for raising rates from near-zero levels, where they have been since December 2008. 

The FOMC decision not raise the federal funds rate has led a majority of market participants to look at 2016 for a normalization of US monetary policy.
To state the exact month would be quite difficult but it could be around March or June 2016.

The Fed has been locked in an intense debate over the timing of a rate hike with sagging inflation impeding a launch-off.
Interest rates have been at near-zero levels since December 2008 and haven’t increased since 2006.

The other data released along were-

  • Weekly unemployment claims came in at 263,000, besting the forecast by 9,000 and under the psychological 300,000 mark.
  • September import prices month-over-month fell 0.1 percent, beating the forecast of -0.5 percent
  • Wholesale inventories month-over-month were in-line with projections at 0.1 percent 

The FOMC minutes elaborated on its concerns about global markets, particularly the Chinese slowdown.
The September minutes released by the FOMC Thursday evening suggested that policymakers are unlikely to rush to tighten rates amid concerns over a China-led global economic slowdown.

The minutes stated that although US economic data releases generally met market expectations, domestic financial conditions tightened modestly as concerns about prospects for global economic growth, centered on China, prompted an increase in financial market volatility and a deterioration in risk sentiment during the intermeeting period.

Chinese markets reopened after a prolonged holiday as US trading session was the final one before a holiday weekend.

The minutes further stated that although US economic data releases generally met market expectations, domestic financial conditions tightened modestly as concerns about prospects for global economic growth, centered on China, prompted an increase in financial market volatility and a deterioration in risk sentiment during the intermeeting period.

Weak data sees gold prices to be in the positive territory. Moreover, in the Indian markets we see demand for gold to move high as the markets welcome one of  the main gold buying festivals- Dussehra and Diwali.
On the contrary gold prices could move lower next week term as markets have priced in renewed geopolitical turmoil in the Middle East.

Most analysts, though, are bullish on gold as the market is seeing a technical shift. Many expect to see prices retest the August highs at $1,170 an ounce and the 200-day moving average at $1,178.20 an ounce.

Though gold prices are likely to move higher, a stronger equity market could take some momentum away from gold.

When the Fed does start raising rates, something it has not done in nine years, it will eventually mean higher rates for consumer and business borrowers. But Fed officials, including Chair Janet Yellen, have stressed that the rate increases will likely be very gradual, meaning that rates would still remain near historic lows for a while.