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Showing posts with label bullish sentiment. Show all posts
Showing posts with label bullish sentiment. Show all posts

Saturday, 30 January 2016


By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Recent years have seen countless claims that gold and silver prices have to head far lower, implying demand is low or supply is high.  But the actual data continues to prove this false, showing precious-metals bearishness is rooted in sentiment and not fundamentals.

Currently market sentiments for the yellow metal are bullions over the month for January as the global equities routs and a growth discomfort spurred gold prices nearly five percent – the biggest monthly gain in a year.

Gold prices headed for their best monthly rise in a year on Friday, slipping back to $1110 per ounce as world stock markets gained, but trading 4.6% higher from the start of 2016. This was gold's best monthly gain in Dollar terms since January 2015.

This year where on one side we saw the global equity markets began with a major sell off the yellow metal has given its best signal months performance since January 2015- as it rose 4.9per cent this month. Gold had hit a 12-week high of $1,128.20 during US trading on Wednesday and has since eased on profit-taking.

The gold price inched higher during Asian trading hours on Thursday supported by market uncertainties, as well as expectations of slower future Fed rate hikes.

Gold edged higher on Friday after U.S. data showed economic growth decelerated sharply in the fourth quarter and the price of the precious metal was on track for its biggest monthly rise in a year after global economic headwinds hit riskier assets.

Data released was as follows:

  • Fourth quarter advance GDP came in at 0.7 percent, missing the forecast of 0.8 percent. GDP Price Index stood at 0.8 percent versus the estimate of 1.2 percent.
  • Revised University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment was at 92.0, below the projection of 93.1, while inflation expectations rose 2.5 percent.
  • Employment Cost Index was in-line with projections at a 0.6 percent gain, while the Goods Trade Balance was at -61.5 billion, in range of the economic consensus of -60.0 billion.
  • Core durable goods in December at -1.2 percent missed the estimate of -0.1 percent durable goods orders at -5.1 percent was sharply below the forecast -0.6 percent.
  • US weekly unemployment claims at 278,000 were better than the forecast 281,000 and below the psychological 300,000 mark.
The gold rally is now battling a physical demand concern as Indian trade has lost pace and Chinese investors prepare for the aforementioned Chinese Lunar celebration.

This will further constrain the gains for gold as physical demand is likely to weaken.

While sentiment is improving across commodities the major concern now is where golf will re-bound of it will be carried along if long-term investors get favorable towards commodities.

Gold reached a 12-week high of $1,127.80 on Wednesday, after the Federal Reserve said it was closely watching the global economy and financial markets. This supported the view that U.S. policymakers may not be able to raise interest rates again as soon as March.

Currently the major deciding factor is the US tightening policy. Market players believe that even one further lifting of the fed funds target this year will come with great difficulty, and that the Fed’s own projected pace of four hikes this year is a near impossibility.

Maybe things won't be this bad next month in the wider markets, so it is possible that if ETF flows are subsiding, prices will be lower too.

But one positive lesson we can learn from this month is that gold does still have a safe-haven role and that could stand it in good stead through a testing year to come.

- Previous blog - "Markets remain calm as we enter 2016:RSBL"

Saturday, 17 October 2015


By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

This week gold continued to hover around the levels of $1176.75 and broadly the key trade range for the yellow metal was $1170- $1175 an ounce.

Gold reached a four-month high of $1,192 on Thursday but was unable to maintain this level, because the US dollar was driven up by higher than expected US inflation figures for September, which in turn put pressure on gold.
Fed has set inflation target for years as it’s a part of the dual-mandate along with full employment. But Inflation has failed to meet the Fed’s target.

Persistently low inflation has led some Fed members to remain dovish on the apt timing for a stabilization of US monetary policy.
At the beginning of the week, Chicago Federal Reserve president Charles Evans said earlier today that he would prefer to wait until 2016 to raise interest rates, citing inflation as a central impediment.
Moreover, Data released on Thursday showed that the US labor market is steadily recovering despite the worrisome September job’s report – weekly unemployment claims came in at 255,000, below the consensus of 269,000.

Apart from this some other important data released through the week were-

  • US CPI month-over-month in September met expectations of a 0.2 percent decline
  • PPI month-over-month in September dipped 0.5 percent, disappointing market expectations of a 0.2 percent drawdown
  • Empire State manufacturing index for October at -11.4 was worse than the expected -7.3
  • The Philly Fed manufacturing index at -4.5 missed the -1.8 forecast
  • Core retail sales month-over-month in September fell 0.3 percent, below the forecast of -0.1 percent. Retail sales over the same period rose 0.1 percent, just missing the 0.2 percent consensus
  •  Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) said its Consumer Price Index fell by 0.2% for the month of September, in line with consensus estimates. A month earlier, the reading fell by 0.1% in August. On a year over year basis, the headline reading is identical to its level 12 months ago
  • Core PPI month-over-month last month stood at -0.3 percent, another figure to miss estimates, which were a 0.1 percent uptick

Though the Core CPI was moving in a positive direction from its previous levels of August still it remained under the Fed's preferred gauge of under 1.5%.
The set target for long term inflation by the Fed is likely 2% before it raises its benchmark Federal Funds Rate.

Gold prices eased in Asia on Friday on profit taking on recent gains on a soft. Outlook for U.S. interest rates. On Thursday morning, the U.S. Department of There were signals throughout the report of weakness in the energy sector, restraining inflationary pressures overall.
The spot gold price was last at $1,176/1,176.20 per ounce, down $5.90 on Thursday’s close. 

Jobs data has acquired greater significance after the US Federal Reserve made its approach to the normalization of monetary policy entirely data-dependent.

Gold drifted lower still on Friday morning in Europe after dollar continued to pare earlier losses thanks to better-than-expected US jobs data.

As dissent grows in the Federal Reserve over the appropriate measures for 2015, the dollar has deteriorated to the weakest mark since August 25.

Various Fed members are growing more vocal in their view that the US economy is not ready for a federal funds hike – in direct opposition of Chairwoman Janet Yellen.

Yellen, along with vice chair Stanley Fischer, have said recently that a normalization of US monetary is still a viable option for 2015.

However as per market analysts, the FOMC is not seen lifting rates until March at the earliest.

While the market is once again divided into bearish and bullish supporters, the yellow-metal has found support as the market’s pricing of the next US Federal Reserve rate hike is pushed out.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog-
"Ambiguity For Gold: RSBL"

Saturday, 10 October 2015


 By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

As we all know, lately gold has been majorly influenced by any data released from the Fed regarding its interest rate.

Gold prices dropped in Asia on Thursday as China markets returned from holidays and investors stake positions ahead of Fed minutes later in the day.

Trading activity had become more muted as the September Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting minutes approached.

Investors awaited the release of the minutes from the Fed's September meeting on Thursday for further hints on whether the U.S. central bank could raise short-term interest rates before the end of the year.

A combination of a weakening US economy and sowing down Chinese one, led to a delay in the rate hike expectation.
Now majority of the market players believe that rate hike won’t come in before March 2016.

Gold prices climbed on Friday morning after the release of minutes of the Federal Reserve’s September meeting raised speculation that the US central bank could wait until next year before tightening monetary policy.
Spot gold was last at $1,154/1,154.40 per ounce, up $14.40 on Thursday’s close. Trade has ranged from $1,139.50 to $1,154.60 so far.

The shifting expectations are helping to weaken the U.S. dollar and in turn boosting gold prices. Early in Friday’s session, December gold futures ended up hitting their highest prices since late August and are preparing to end with gains of almost 2% for the week. As of 12:40 p.m. EDT, December gold last traded at $1,158.70 an ounce.

One of the main reasons, apart from soft data, that has delayed the rate hike is the limo inflation in the US. It has prevented the central bank for raising rates from near-zero levels, where they have been since December 2008. 

The FOMC decision not raise the federal funds rate has led a majority of market participants to look at 2016 for a normalization of US monetary policy.
To state the exact month would be quite difficult but it could be around March or June 2016.

The Fed has been locked in an intense debate over the timing of a rate hike with sagging inflation impeding a launch-off.
Interest rates have been at near-zero levels since December 2008 and haven’t increased since 2006.

The other data released along were-

  • Weekly unemployment claims came in at 263,000, besting the forecast by 9,000 and under the psychological 300,000 mark.
  • September import prices month-over-month fell 0.1 percent, beating the forecast of -0.5 percent
  • Wholesale inventories month-over-month were in-line with projections at 0.1 percent 

The FOMC minutes elaborated on its concerns about global markets, particularly the Chinese slowdown.
The September minutes released by the FOMC Thursday evening suggested that policymakers are unlikely to rush to tighten rates amid concerns over a China-led global economic slowdown.

The minutes stated that although US economic data releases generally met market expectations, domestic financial conditions tightened modestly as concerns about prospects for global economic growth, centered on China, prompted an increase in financial market volatility and a deterioration in risk sentiment during the intermeeting period.

Chinese markets reopened after a prolonged holiday as US trading session was the final one before a holiday weekend.

The minutes further stated that although US economic data releases generally met market expectations, domestic financial conditions tightened modestly as concerns about prospects for global economic growth, centered on China, prompted an increase in financial market volatility and a deterioration in risk sentiment during the intermeeting period.

Weak data sees gold prices to be in the positive territory. Moreover, in the Indian markets we see demand for gold to move high as the markets welcome one of  the main gold buying festivals- Dussehra and Diwali.
On the contrary gold prices could move lower next week term as markets have priced in renewed geopolitical turmoil in the Middle East.

Most analysts, though, are bullish on gold as the market is seeing a technical shift. Many expect to see prices retest the August highs at $1,170 an ounce and the 200-day moving average at $1,178.20 an ounce.

Though gold prices are likely to move higher, a stronger equity market could take some momentum away from gold.

When the Fed does start raising rates, something it has not done in nine years, it will eventually mean higher rates for consumer and business borrowers. But Fed officials, including Chair Janet Yellen, have stressed that the rate increases will likely be very gradual, meaning that rates would still remain near historic lows for a while.

Sunday, 9 August 2015


 By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

The bull market for gold is entering its seventh year. For the past seven months the market has traded roughly sideways.  Collapsing energy prices and a rising dollar have held back earnings and revenue growth. 
In the past, the demand for gold from China had been a motivating factor behind the rising prices for gold. But now, questions regarding the pace of global economic growth have moved to the forefront recently by price declines in the Chinese stock market, oil, commodities and high-yield debt in the past three months.
Such a slow pace of economic growth continues to create a deteriorating investment scene. Commodities and oil are key drivers of global economic growth, and falling prices do not usually portend rising demand. 
Gold has been trading in successively smaller weekly ranges for the past 2 weeks. This week we closed lower at 1095 with a very small range, and it appears that the bottom of the bearish trend.
Spot gold, which hit a session low of $1,082.76 an ounce immediately after the U.S. jobs report, managed to rebound 0.5 percent to $1,095.26 . It had fallen to $1,077 on July 24; it’s weakest since February 2010.

Though we saw some buying momentum in gold as the week ended, some market players state that since prices aren’t able to break the $1100 mark, gold does not bode well for a sustained rally.
Surprisingly, $1,100 appears to be the barrier that we just can’t seem to break. Although there are expectations that the market might trade in a tight range next week, gold remains an unwanted asset as the expectations remain that the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates in September.

After rising on Friday, following the U.S. Department of Labor’s employment report for July, the U.S. dollar weakened as afternoon trading wore on. It was a neutral report- not too close and not too far from expectations. Therefore, markets are finding it difficult to analyze and find a meaning in it. 

Economists have noted that July’s nonfarm payrolls report helped to rejuvenate those expectations. Although job gains of 215,000 were below expectations, it stills a “solid” report.
Consensus forecasts ahead of the report were expecting that the U.S. economy created 223,000 jobs. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 5.3% last month, in line with economist expectations.

The consensus was for 223,000 jobs and July came in at 215,000. However, upward revisions to the previous months’ employment data plus a gain in average hourly earnings and hours worked were both viewed positively by market participants, and as a stronger signal the Fed could raise rates in September. 

The U.S. labor market lost momentum in July, coming in under expectations for the second consecutive month, according to the latest employment data from the Labor Department; however, the numbers still showed jobs gains of more than 200,000.

Friday, the Bureau of Labor Statistics said 215,000 jobs were created in July, down from June's revised number of 232,000; June’s initial report pegged the growth at 223,000 jobs. May's employment data was also revised higher to 260,000 from the previous report of 254,000.
Although the data was slightly weaker than expected, gold prices sold off in initial reaction to the news, dropping almost $10 and falling to a session low of $1,081.40 an ounce. 

Other highlights of the report were-

  • The participation rate was also unchanged at 62.6% in July.
  • Wage growth continues to expand at a steady pace, increasing 0.2% in July, compared with a 0.2% rise in June.
  • The report noted that average hourly earnings rose five cents last month to $24.99. On an annual basis wages have increased by 2.1%.
  •  Employees also saw an increase in the work week; the report said that the average workweek rose by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours.
Although it appears that some of the immediate selling pressure has been alleviated, there is still strong negative sentiment in the marketplace. Retail investors continue to expect to see lower prices in the near-term and market professionals have once again turned bearish on gold.

The first data point that could have potential to move the gold price next week comes Thursday with the release of U.S. advance retail sales for July. The market ends the week with some inflation data with the release of the U.S. Producer Price Index for July.
Despite the negative sentiment, there is still market professional who see some hope for the yellow metal as technical momentum indicators continue to highlight an oversold marketplace.

However, gold is still fundamentally in the doldrums from the bullish point of view. Long term, gold will be pressured downward. 

Markets don’t expect to see another sharp selloff until Aug. 19, when the Federal Reserve will release the minutes of its July meeting. Markets will then expect a clearer picture of an interest rate hike in September.

Till then gold is expected to trade sideways until some solid crucial news is reported.
Markets could be stuck in a range next week in light volume as markets will be deeper into the summer holiday season.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"Rate Hike Creating Pressure On Gold"