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Showing posts with label hike interest rates. Show all posts
Showing posts with label hike interest rates. Show all posts

Monday, 3 October 2016


 By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Markets were volatile as the week ended and this volatility was reflected in the movements of gold prices.

Gold prices fell on Friday, after shuffling between gains and losses as investors weighed concern about Europe's banking woes against heightened expectations of a Fed rate increase in December.

The yellow metal had fallen to as low as $1,311.95 on Friday – the lowest since September 21 – following news that Deutsche Bank was near a settlement with US regulators.
Amidst rise of uncertainty over the health of a financial industry, traders have shifted focus to gold to provide what it best does- safe haven. 

Traders are seeking for the yellow metal as uncertainty prevails after the news reports by Bloomberg that 10 hedge funds that do business with Deutsche Bank have pared their exposure. Its shares fell to a record low, and European and Asian equities retreated. There’s heightened haven buying as anxiety grows over the German lender, Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. said in a note.

Investors had been nervous about the uncertainty surrounding Deutsche Bank after some of its clients, among them several big hedge funds, were reported to have withdrawn securities or cash from the German lender amid concerns about its stability and their exposure.

But, on Friday, safe haven demand for gold dwindled after stocks in major markets largely recovered from a sell-off on easing concerns about Deutsche Bank. This lead to a fall in gold prices. Spot gold was down 0.3 percent at $1,316.32 per ounce during Friday trading hours.

As the session wore on, the focus turned to increasing expectations that the U.S. Federal Reserve will raise rates by the end of the year. Fed-funds futures, used to bet on central-bank policy, showed investors assigned a 61.6 % likelihood to a rate increase in December, up from 52% the previous day, according to CME data on Friday.

Expectations for higher rates tend to weigh on gold, which yields nothing and struggles to compete with Treasury’s and other investments when borrowing costs rise.
Hence there were sluggish sentiments in the market as it might have to edge lower before finding firm support.

A collapse in Deutsche Bank's already beaten stock had sent Europe into a fresh tailspin early on Friday and left world equity markets slipping towards their worst week in three months. Safe-haven demand had sustained bullion until the market turned its attention to U.S. economic data and important numbers coming from China.

The Commerce Department said on Friday that U.S. consumer Spending fell in August for the first time in seven months while Inflation showed signs of accelerating, mixed signals that could keep the Fed cautious about raising interest rates.
Let’s have a look on the key economic indicators-


  • In US data released Friday, the core PCE price index was as expected at 0.2 percent but personal spending and personal income undershot at 0.0 percent and 0.2 percent.
  • The Chicago PMI was better than expected at 54.2. Revised UoM consumer sentiment and revised UoM inflation expectations at 91.2 and 2.4 percent respectively were also better than forecasts.
  •   A string of manufacturing PMI numbers are due from Eurozone countries as well as the US later today. The ISM manufacturing PMI, construction spending, ISM manufacturing prices and total vehicle sales from the US will also be of note.
  •  In US data released on Thursday, second quarter final GDP growth came in at 1.4 percent quarter-on-quarter, slightly better than expectations of 1.3 percent. Weekly unemployment claims for last week was also better than expected at 254,000, against a forecast of 260,000.
  • Pending home sales for August, however, fell 2.4 percent month-on-month – a 0.1 percent decline was called for.


  • China’s official manufacturing PMI for September was at 50.4 (close to expectations of 50.5),
  • China’s manufacturing sector remains in expansion mode alongside stable production and demand growths, the NBS said.
  • But the foundation of the manufacturing sector’s stable growth is not solid as firms continue to face operating difficulties while industries eliminate excess capacities, the Bureau cautioned.
  • The country’s official non-manufacturing PMI, which represents the services sector was at 53.7 in September, was up from August’s figure of 53.5.
  • The official PMIs added to the continued Chinese growth story and risk on mood in markets, National Australia Bank said on Monday.
  • For the time being The precious metals are looking quite diverse with gold prices struggling to rise and when they do they struggle to hold on to any gains

  • For the time being The precious metals are looking quite diverse with gold prices struggling to rise and when they do they struggle to hold on to any gains.


    The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
    Previous blog:
    "Buy And Hold Gold: RSBL"

Thursday, 25 August 2016


  By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Firstly I would like to congratulate all the Rio Olympic representatives of India who worked so hard and attained commendable feats for our country. While we saw Indian achieving remarkable feats, at the same time gold prices in the domestic market were shining in spite of a global downtrend.

Where on one hand gold in the global markets was down 0.34 percent at $1,347 per ounce, on the other hand the yellow metal in the national capital, gold of 99.9 and 99.5 per cent purity commenced the week higher at Rs. 31,130 and Rs. 30,980 and advanced to closed at Rs. 31,250 and Rs. 31,100 per 10 gram respectively, showing a rise of Rs. 175 each.

Markets remained closed on Monday for 'Independence Day' and Thursday for 'Raksha Bandhan'. Bullion traders said increased buying by jewellers to meet festive season demand from retailers amid a firm global trend mainly kept precious metal prices higher.
While Makar Sankrant marks a pause to festive celebrations, on the other hand Raksha Bandhan marks the onset of the festive season in India. 

Gold has seen a sharp upsurge in demand on a sudden jump in Japanese yen against the dollar. Crude oil prices have also increased over the last few months. With the investment buying continues, gold is seen touching $1400 an oz in global markets translating thereby setting a new record in near future.

Coming to international markets, analysts hold the dovish July policy meeting minutes issued this week responsible for the decline in prices.

Interest rate expectations are the driving force behind the recent moves in both the dollar and gold. Expectations of higher interest rates here in the U.S. support a stronger dollar while they weigh on the price of precious metals.

Interest Rate Hike- Gold prices slipped on Friday, weighed down by a strengthening dollar after two Federal Reserve officials' comments that increased expectations for an interest-rate increase this year.

Gold is sensitive to higher rates which lift the opportunity cost of holding non-yielding assets such as bullion, while boosting the dollar in which it is priced. The week has seen a run of mixed signals from Federal Reserve policymakers.

San Francisco Fed President John Williams on Thursday joined a growing chorus of his colleagues signalling support for a U.S. interest rate hike in coming months. New York Fed President William Dudley reinforced his confidence in a possible rate hike for a second time in the week.  Dallas Fed President Robert Kaplan, however, saw limited room to manoeuvre on rates.

US Dollar- The dollar against a basket of six major currencies was up about 0.27 percent at 94.414. The current ‘ultra low’ interest rate environment has sent global investors on a search for yield.  Hence any prospect of an interest-rate increase in the U.S. makes U.S. dollar investments more attractive to international investors, leading to an increase in the value of the U.S. dollar vs. other currencies across the globe.
The U.S. dollar, after tapping a seven-week low this week, strengthened Friday, cutting demand for precious metals, which are priced in the currency.

SDPR- Among exchange-traded funds, the SPDR Gold Trust GLD, -0.88% was 0.7% lower. Holdings of SPDR Gold Trust, the world’s largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, fell 0.2% to 955.99 metric tons in the week through Thursday, according to Bloomberg data.
ECB- Meanwhile, European Central Bank rate setters agreed not to discuss any policy change at their July meeting and to keep market hopes for more stimuli in check, minutes showed on Thursday.

U.S. Jobs report- Reports showed the number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits fell more than expected last week, while manufacturing activity in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic region saw a mild improvement this month. Members of the Fed's rate-setting Federal Open Market Committee were generally upbeat about the U.S. economy and labour market, but several said any slowdown in future hiring would augur against a near-term rate hike. U.S. economic data will continue to offer clues on the Fed’s next move. Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen will also speak at a conference in Jackson Hole, Wyo. next Friday. Admittedly, a very strong U.S. labour market report in early September could already be enough to prompt the Fed to hike interest rates next month.

Still range bound, gold looks to break through USD $1,360 as the possibility of a September rate rise tempers.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
Previous blog:

"Indian Gold Bullion Market- Issues, Challenges, Opportunities and the way forward: RSBL" 

Sunday, 13 December 2015


By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Following a 3 year trend, gold is once again on a decline, losing 9.8 percent of its value this year.
Gold, which touched a five-year low last week, was little changed during the start of the week, Prices fell on Thursday as a stronger dollar reduced the appeal of the metal as an alternative asset.

Gold futures remained lower on Thursday, after data showed the number of people who filed for unemployment assistance in the U.S. rose to the highest level in five months last week, but remained in territory usually associated with a firming labor market.

The U.S. Department of Labor Said the number of individuals filing for initial jobless benefits increased by 13,000 last week to 282,000. Analysts expected jobless claims to hold steady at 269,000 last week.

The dollar index, which measures the greenback’s strength against a trade weighted basket of six major currencies, was up 0.4% to 97.72. Dollar priced commodities become more expensive to investors holding other currencies when the greenback gains.

On Wednesday, gold eased up $1.20, or 0.11%, in familiar trading range, as market players braced for the first U.S. rate hike since 2006 next week. While investors widely expect the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates at its December 15-16 meeting, they anticipate the pace of increases to be gradual amid concerns over tepid growth overseas and divergent monetary policies between the U.S. and other nations.

Gold declined further on Friday and was headed for the seventh weekly drop in eight weeks as investors positioned for a looming U.S. rate hike.
If the Fed raises rates, gold will witness immense volatility. A robust dollar was limiting interest in gold. The greenback rose for a second session on Friday, extending a rebound from a one-month low on expectations of a rate hike.

A higher dollar makes greenback-denominated gold more expensive for holders of other currencies.  Weakness in oil was also hurting bullion. A slide in oil could trigger fears of deflation, a bearish factor for gold, which is often used as a hedge against oil-led inflation.

 A strong U.S. nonfarm payrolls report last week cemented expectations of a rate hike at the Federal Reserve’s policy meeting on Dec. 15-16.

Traders have been restrained to stride into the market before the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) convenes next Tuesday and Wednesday.

Gold has witnessed obstinate gusts, as dollar, real rates; commodity prices and volatility have all not motivated investors to increase their exposure to the yellow metal.
The approaching Fed rate hike, has been one of the most influential factors that has put a block in the price rise of gold. And if any such hike is announced then gold prices might fall to $950 in the near future.

Recently hawkish Fed member statements have essentially turned the meeting into a guaranteed launch of the US policy normalization.

Industry watchers are largely expecting the US Federal Reserve to lift its federal fund rate next week for the first time in almost a decade after positive US payrolls data in the recent months.
The first hike in nearly a decade is expected to dent demand for gold, a non-interest paying asset.

Gold is going nowhere as investors expect trading within tight ranges before next week’s Federal Reserve meeting, where policy makers are forecast to raise interest rates for the first time since 2006.

Traders are expecting that borrowing costs will be increased at the Federal Open Market Committee gathering on Dec. 15-16, a decision that would dank the appeal of bullion because it doesn’t pay interest. Gold has swung between gains and losses the last two weeks as Fed Chair Janet Yellen, along with Fed Bank of St. Louis President James Bullard, have said the pace of tightening will be gradual.

Now the market waits impatiently for the Fed with one week to go.

The primary purpose of this blog by Prithviraj Kothari - MD, RSBL, is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.

- Previous blog -
"Gold Bounces Back: RSBL"