RSBL Gold Silver Bars/Coins

Showing posts with label Trading. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Trading. Show all posts

Saturday, 7 February 2015


- By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

The sentiments are so strong for the gold market that people get overly excited about the top as well as the bottom of the market. At times gold seems to be behaving like a common man who is fleeced by the minutest to the most extreme global scenarios.

This week too gold was dancing to the tunes of the US dollar, The US Jobs Data, Fed Interest rate hike, ECB’s actions on Greece, crude oil prices. So it’s basically a vicious circle for gold.

Ups and mostly downs were being strongly witnessed by gold. For the month of January Gold was up 8.4 per cent, its biggest monthly rise in three years, helped by a sharp slowdown in US fourth-quarter economic growth. US gold for April delivery edged up 0.2 per cent to US$1,265.20 an ounce.

But the first week of February was disappointing for gold. Gold steadied on Friday ahead of crucial US employment data, but was set to post its biggest weekly loss in almost two months after steep gains at the start of the year.

The gold market appears to be in a tug of war with uncertainty: in Europe, with Greece boosting safe-haven demand on one side, and a strong U.S. dollar on the other side. The metal dropped 1.5 percent this week the most since December.

Let’s analyze the key influential factors for gold

US Employment Data- The employment data released on Friday was much above the expectation levels and this changed the market’s view on when the U.S. Federal Reserve will announce a rate hike, and has hurt the metals complex since then.

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 257,000 in January, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 5.7 percent, from 5.36 percent the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics report stated.  Job gains occurred in retail trade, construction, health care, financial activities, and manufacturing. The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from +353,000 to +423,000, and the change for December was revised from +252,000 to +329,000. With these revisions, employment gains in November and December were 147,000 higher than previously reported.

This further raises the expectations for the Federal Reserve to hike interest rates by mid-year, denting the appeal of non-interest yielding assets such as gold.

Strength in the U.S. economy is backing the case for the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates, curbing gold’s appeal because the metal generally gives investors returns only through price gains.

Greece- Meanwhile, investors remained wary of developments in Greece, after the European Central Bank said it would no longer accept Greek bonds as collateral for lending, shifting the burden on to Greece’s central bank to provide additional liquidity for its lenders and increasing pressure on Athens.

Greece’s government is seeking debt relief on its current €240 billion bailout, which has fuelled fears over a clash with its creditors that could bring about its eventual exit from the euro zone.

This uncertainty over Greece has provided the much needed support to gold prices.

ECB's action on Greece- The market kept an eye over the ECB’s actions on Greece after the newly elected Greek Prime Minister wanted to end the austerity programme by the Troika. The ECB restricted Greece from tapping the ECB’s direct liquidity lines, forcing the Greek banks to borrow at a higher rate from the Bank of Greece under the Emergency Liquidity Assistance.

Uncertainty about the ECB’s funding for Greece and the country’s exit from the Euro has led to a stronger demand for gold. Despite the weak Euro, which has fallen five percent against the Dollar this year, the gold price has risen 6.64% year-to-date and has climbed as high as ten percent this year. While some profit taking is natural after the big gold price move, the continuous liquidity boost from China and Europe and the volatility in the currencies are likely to support gold prices in the medium-term.

The metal is still up 6.8 percent this year amid concern about austerity measures in Greece and as central banks in Europe and Asia announced more stimuli to bolster economic growth. Investors have added to bullion holdings in exchange - traded funds for the past month, bringing assets to the highest level since October.

Apart from global facilitation., another element that will be crucial for the gold market are the growing problems in Europe as the European Union and Greece have been unable to develop a renegotiation agreement.

Following factors shall be monitored over the weeks to come-
  • G20 meeting on 9 February,
  • China’s January inflation data on 10 February
  • U.K. December manufacturing output on 10 February,
  • The Eurozone December industrial production on 12 February
  •  The U.S. January retail sales on 12 February
  • The Eurozone Q4 preliminary GDP on 13 February.


$1180- $1270 an ounce
Rs. 26,000- Rs. 28,000 per 10 gm
$16.15- $18.00 an ounce
Rs. 36,000- Rs. 40,000 per kg

“The primary purpose of this blog by Prithviraj Kothari - MD, RSBL, is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.”

- Previous blog -
"Too Many Surprises For Gold In The Week To Come"

Sunday, 27 July 2014


by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

In the past week gold and silver dropped drastically. Even the ongoing tensions in Russia and Israel could not provide support to gold. US laying sanctions along with European counter parts on Russia hasn't proven that effective till now whereas the cease fire process between Israel and Hamas group has gone for a toss.

It is very difficult to list "a" particular reason for fall in gold prices. Rise and decline are both influenced by a variety of factors. 

China has been one of the key drivers of gold in recent years, but now there is word that China may be increasingly less important to the gold story.

While the U.S. economy recovers, China’s demand for gold plummeted in the first six months of 2014. This helped to allow gold to fall back under the $1,300 per ounce mark on Thursday, after having been up more than 8% so far in 2014. Demand in China for gold was down by a whopping 62% for gold bars, and gold coin demand was also down by a sharp 44%.

China announced gold consumption figures for the first half of 2014. The China Gold Association announced that they fell to 569.45 tons as demand for gold bars declined 62 % to 105.58 tons, the world’s largest consumer said. Gold coins and other uses of gold dropped 44 % to 10.95 tons, while use in jewellery rose 11 % to 426.17 tons and industrial use climbed 11 % to 26.75 tons.

Last year was a record and China and the nation’s consumers are focusing on other internal and external issues rather than gold. Still, this drop in demand is much more than many industry observers might have assumed.

After China it was key US economic indicators that continued to pressurize gold.

The number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell to the lowest level in nearly 8-1/2 years last week, suggesting the labour market recovery was gaining traction. The belief that the US economy is on the path of recovery pulled gold prices down. 

Geo-political tensions: 
Escalating geopolitical tensions have induced support to Gold prices. 

The U.S. stated late Thursday that Russian troops or pro-Russia rebels are shooting artillery shells at Ukraine targets from within Russia’s border. Russian President Vladimir is facing more pressure to expedite the investigation into the crash of a Malaysian passenger on July 17 in Ukraine.

Meantime, the Israel-Hamas fighting continued to be intense. Gaza authorities said Israeli forces shelled a shelter at a U.N.-run school on Thursday, killing at least 15 people. Fighting this month in Gaza has killed more than 800 Palestinians and 35 Israelis. 
Ukraine and Russia traded accusations of cross-border shelling as tensions between the ex-Soviet neighbors intensified. 

The growing tensions and havoc on Eastern Europe and the Middle East this week has boosted demand for safe haven assets liked Gold. 

Spot gold was up 0.7 percent at 1,301.81 an ounce, after losing nearly 1 percent on Thursday, when it hit its lowest since June 19 at $1,287.46. Gold rose on Friday, re-bouncing from the previous session's drop to a one-month low, as heightened tensions between Russia and the West over Ukraine and situation of Gaza not getting better prompted speculators to buy back their bearish bets ahead of the weekend.

Gold holdings in Russia's and Turkeys bullion reserves increased in June as both countries lifted their reserves.

Russia, the world's fifth-largest bullion holder after the United States, Germany, Italy and France, increased its gold holdings by 16.8 tonnes to 1,094.8 tonnes in June, the IMF's International Financial Statistics report showed.

Turkey, the world's 12th-largest nation in terms of gold ownership, raised its precious metal by 9.9 tonnes to 512.9 tonnes for the month. It counts gold held on deposit with it by commercial banks as part of the central bank's bullion holdings.

THE BANK ESPIRITO SANTO- This crisis has been contagious for the world. When the world of electronic finance catches the flu, the true nature is all systems fail. One of Portugal's largest banks, Espirito Santo, sent waves through the financial system when we learned they would default on a payment. And they have been fighting against bankruptcy ever since.

Next week, will be a week to watch. 
  • Comex expiry for Gold contracts on 28th July.
  • 2nd Quarter Advance GDP release on Wednesday morning
  • Wednesday afternoon we will hear the results of a two day FOMC meeting. 
  • The Non-Farm Payrolls Report for July on Friday August 1. 
  • The Chicago PMI, Michigan Sentiment, and the ISM Index
  • Geo political tensions.

Lots more in the basket and lots of surprises for precious metals. These factors will surely influence gold prices...what we need to see is HOW?


$1292-$1334 an ounce
Rs.27,700-Rs.28,700 per 10 gram
$20.15- $21.50 an ounce
Rs.43,600-Rs.46,000 per kg

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog - "Gold and Silver On A  Swing"

Monday, 16 June 2014

Safe haven buying returns: Gold in picture!

          - by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

As the week ended, Gold once again became the centre of attraction in the commodities market.  

Bullion metals rallied on Thursday. Gold was at a three week high on Thursday, sustained by safe haven buying following outbreak of violence in Iraq and disappointing economic news out of the US. Last month it was Ukraine, this month it’s Iraq.

Iraq was once again the topic of discussion as civil war has broken out in that country amid escalating violence. Crude oil prices were sharply higher on Thursday, mostly on the Iraq news. The bigger worry is that the violence in Iraq could spread to other Arab countries. Insurgents linked to al-Qaeda seized northern cities of Mosul and Tikrit on Wednesday. Post this, gold and silver prices shot up due to their safe-haven appeal. The U.S. said that it is working with Iraq's leaders on a coordinated response to regain lost territory and would provide additional assistance to Baghdad. 

Along with this crisis, came in a report from the US that was not as per expectations. US unemployment claims and retail sales came in below expectations, giving investors an excuse to sell equities with sentiment relatively risk averse were also friendly for the gold market.

Claims increased by 4,000 to 317,000. That was roughly in-line with the consensus estimate, which was pegged at 315,000. Total retail sales for May increased 0.3%. Excluding autos, they were up 0.1%. Those results were below the consensus estimates, which called for increases of 0.7% and 0.4%, respectively. Separately, April business inventories rose 0.6%, while the consensus expected an uptick of 0.4%. This followed the prior month's unrevised increase of 0.4%. In other overnight news, industrial production in the European Union rose 0.8% in April from March and was up 1.4% year-on-year. The increase was a bit larger than forecast.

India's monsoon season is off to a slow start, and this could have implications for gold should it continue. A lack of rainfall would have a detrimental effect upon the wealth of Indian farmers, which in turn could inhibit the ability to buy gold in one of the world’s key gold consuming nation

In 2013, gold has entered the bear market after a long period of time. This tremendous dip in prices, led to a huge demand for gold in Asia. in April 2013 Asian demand came in, in tremendous force and drained the gold market of all of that tonnage from U.S. sellers of gold taking out a total from the developed world, over the entire year of 2013 around 1,188 tonnes of gold, refining it to 1 Kg bars in Switzerland before shipping it into Asian markets, particularly that of China. The gold price was halted in its fall at $1,280 making a double bottom at that price later in the year.

Now we see more than one reason for gold prices to move even further-
  1. Demand for gold from China remains robust with an annualized +2100 tonnes (approx.) set to being withdrawn from the Shanghai Gold Exchange in 2014. While this is less than the amount seen on 2013 it is sufficient to buoy the gold price at current levels
  2. The pricing power of the U.S. gold market that came with the 1,280 tonnes of gold has been used up. With the U.S. accounting for only 7.35% of global gold demand, the U.S. markets would have to rely on the influence of the derivatives market of COMEX.
  3. Gold is currently trading at $1280 and on the lower side it has a good support at $1210. So gold is more vulnerable to shoot up from here,
  4. Indian demand could reignite on the easing of gold import restrictions that severely curtailed Indian gold demand since August last year. The new ruling party is expected to review these restrictions in the budget in the next week or so.
  5. Geo-political tensions will play a key role as they have been doing over the years.

As Gold inches up, so will the Silver do! But Silver from a fundamental perspective of it being used in Industries will give it a boost as the economy shows sign of improvement. Moreover with the depreciation of rupee, Gold is expected to move upto the levels of USD 1300 and in India terms INR 28500 to 29000. 

Finally, one of the most awaited Headline: Platinum strike deal reached ‘in principle’. An agreement in principle has been reached between platinum producers and trade union AMCU, the companies said on Thursday. “AMCU will be discussing these in principle undertakings with its members to seek a mandate to accept the offers which, if given, will bring to an end the 21-week-long strike,” the platinum producers’ spokeswoman Charmane Russell said in a statement. Platinum lost 40 USD and traded down to a low of 1436.

USD may be under some downside pressure ahead of the US CPI also due tomorrow. The marquee event of the week has to be the FOMC decision due on Wednesday where the Fed is expected to leave its tapering course intact which will bring down the monthly asset purchase to $35 billion with the end date still likely to be October according to Fed Fisher. Traders will keep a close eye on the updated economic forecast which may be a tad more upbeat than previously which will help to give the USD a prop. Fed Chief Yellen's conference will also be closely eyed.

I expect gold to be in the range of $1265- $1305 and INR 26,800 – INR 28,500 in the international and domestic markets respectively.

On the other hand silver is expected to move in the range of $18.75- $20.10 and INR 40,100 - INR 45,000 in the international and domestic markets respectively.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.

- Previous blog -

Saturday, 19 April 2014

Gold prices off the Route?

                                        - by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Gold prices have been battered over the week. Starting with a high of $1330 to a low of $1282 and giving a close of $1294 has brought Gold prices back to its major support $1280. ($1280 acts as a strong support for Gold, below which Gold prices could attain new lows).

The week started on a stronger footing carrying the upward trend of the last week.  Gold prices gained to a three week high on Monday on renewed concerns over the escalation of hostilities in Ukraine that prompted its safe haven appeal. Geo political tensions escalated as violence between pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces grew. Moreover gold prices were further supported over the news that a Russian fighter aircraft made repeated cross range passes near a US ship in the Black Sea. Apart from this SPDR Gold Trust GLD, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, said its holdings rose 1.80 tonnes to 806.22 tonnes the first inflow since March 24 acted as a positive factor.

But the upward trend was short lived. $1330 proved to be a crucial stage which wasn’t broken and Gold prices plummeted. US economic indicators showed positive signs starting with US retail sales. According to Bloomberg survey, U.S. retail sales probably accelerated in March, boosted by car purchases that indicate demand is recovering from a winter-led slowdown earlier this year.

Other factors that added to Gold and Silver price fall were:

U.S industrial production-
         Above expectations March industrial production data hinted that the US economy was starting to emerge from a weather-induced slowdown suffered over the initial stages of calendar 2014. Adding weight to this belief was the uplift seen in capacity utilization levels over the month.

EU industrial production-
        Euro zone industrial output edged higher in February, official data showed Monday, in line with recent data showing a very modest economic recovery in the single currency bloc.

U.S CPI, U.S housing starts and building permits-
        U.S. Consumer Prices rose slightly higher while the U.S. housing starts rose 2.8% in March to a seasonally adjusted annual pace of 946,000, fueled by growth in single-family homes, the Commerce Department said Wednesday. Starts for February were revised higher to a pace of 920,000 from an initially reported 907,000.

Philly Fed index-
         A reading of manufacturing sentiment in the Philadelphia region improved in April, according to data released Thursday. The Philadelphia Fed’s manufacturing index rose to a reading of 16.6 in April from 9.0 in March, stronger than a Market Watch-compiled economist forecast of 10.0.

Overall, Gold dropped nearly 1.85% this week.

Though the various reports released from US did show signs of a recovering economy, Federal Reserve Chairwoman, Janet Yellen restated that she expected interest rates to remain very low until the recovery is on a more secure footing and the American economy is more fully involving available workers and other resources. The Obama administration told asset managers last week that it was planning additional sanctions against Russia over the conflict in Ukraine. Some of the supporting factors that lead Gold prices recover from its support level of $1280.

Looking at the current market conditions, I feel that western countries are reducing their holding on every rally while the same is being absorbed by the physical demand on Asia. It’s a see saw battle where one reduces and one increases. Geopolitical tensions will act as a strong support for Bullion metal prices apart from the physical demand.

The labour dispute which broke out in January that shut most of the platinum mines in South Africa is extending the longest shortfall in global production since 2005. The strike by more than 70,000 South African workers will continue as long as companies refuse to improve wage offers, Joseph Mathunjwa, president of the Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union, said April 15. The workers want basic monthly pay boosted to 12,500 rand over four years, which the producers say they can’t afford after production costs jumped 18 percent annually in the last five years, as wage and electricity costs rose. Many laborers live in shacks made of iron sheeting. They share toilets, don’t always have water or power, and many spend much of their income servicing debt. The country has a 24 percent unemployment rate.

While the Gold and Silver precious metals group is being thrashed, their counterparts, Platinum and Palladium are looking strong. The biggest producer of these metals i.e. Russia is having tensions with Ukraine while the second biggest producer i.e. South Africa has union problem. Due to these issues, I feel Platinum will look forward to extend its lead over these metals.

My trading range for the upcoming week for Gold in international prices is around $1270 to $1330 and for Silver $19.30 to $20.20. While in Indian rupees, Gold prices will range from INR 27900 to INR 29200 and for Silver the trading range will be INR 41,500 to 44,500.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.

- Previous article- "OUR LOVE FOR GOLD"