RSBL Gold Silver Bars/Coins

Showing posts with label import. Show all posts
Showing posts with label import. Show all posts

Monday, 18 August 2014


by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

On the first day of last week, gold was down. But it changed direction by Wednesday and bounced back.

This week too there was a lot in store for gold- 

  • the GDP for leading economies including Japan, Germany, and Great Britain 
  • the U.S PPI, retail sales, industrial production JOLTS, jobless claims and consumer sentiment reports . 
  • Germany’s economic sentiment and GB’s inflation report.
  • Gold for the month of July was up by over 2 per cent mainly due to the escalating global tensions and the lower than expected US data
As the week began, gold was slightly down, retreating from a three-week high as tensions between Ukraine and Russia eased and investors turned to rising European shares and some withdrew from exchange-traded gold funds. The United States had criticized Russia's military exercises in Southern Russia as provocative step in The Ukraine Crisis. But last week, late on Friday, Russia's Defence Ministry said that it has ended these exercises. This was the main reason for pushing gold prices down. The premium that was built on gold since mid June is more vulnerable to fade as easing Geo-political tensions push gold prices down.

There is a lot of uncertainty in the market surrounding the FED's decision to raise interest rates, that now many market players aren't quite sure whether they should go back to gold particularly when other assets like equities look more attractive.

But how soon will that happen? Nobody knows... Till then Bullion investors will continue to monitor U.S. data releases as the strength of the world's largest economy dictates the pace at which the Federal Reserve tightens monetary policy.

After a few lows, gold stabilized on Tuesday as signs emerged that the stand-off between Russia and Ukraine was hurting confidence in the euro zone economy and on fears a Russian aid convoy heading to Ukraine could further stoke tensions. Concerns over the Ukraine crisis and its financial impact hit economic sentiments in Germany.

Gold is always seen as an alternative investment medium over equities and other assets.
On Wednesday, Gold was above $1300 on Wednesday as downbeat data from China keep investors cautious about gold. This along with the Ukraine crisis and a slowly recovering US economy kept gold prices firm.

Bullion was also helped by data on Thursday that showed the number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits rose more than expected last week. That helped push US yields lower.  Spot gold rose 0.2 percent to $1,315.20 an ounce by 1003 GMT, 
A weak dollar and sluggish US and European data provoked investors to switch to safer investments.

Gold prices were slightly lower on Friday, paring losses on safe-haven buying as equity markets slid after Ukraine said its forces had engaged a Russian armored column on Ukrainian soil in what appeared to be a major military escalation. It was like a roller coaster ride from a near high of $1310 to $1292 and then back to $1310 and a close above $1300.

Apart from the Data reports and the crisis, it was the sluggish physical demand for gold that played a influential role. Physical demand in top consuming region Asia has been sluggish after a record year in 2013, while investors have been cutting positions in SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund. The fund reported a 5.36 tonne drop in its holdings last week, its largest outflow since early May.

For the time being the market seems to be bearish for gold (apart from the perceived geopolitical tensions) and I feel investors should sell on the upside.


(Gold/Silver price)

(Gold/Silver price)
$1281- $1320 an ounce
Rs. 27,800- Rs. 29,000 per 10 gram
$19.15- $20.20 an ounce
Rs. 42,500- Rs.44,500 per kg

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous blog -
"Appetite for gold rises"

Sunday, 25 May 2014


                                        - Mr. Prithviraj Kothari : MD, RSBL(Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)
On Friday, Gold prices were moving between small gains and small losses as the markets were quite calm as investors reined in their trading activity ahead of a long weekend in U.K. and the U.S. Spot gold was down 0.2% at $1,291.32 during trading hours where as silver was 0.3% lower at $19.391 an ounce. 

Through the week gold prices were held in a tight range between around $1280 and $1315. 

Gold prices remained low this week on strong dollar and the remarks released by the FED of a positive US economic recovery but with the Ukrainian elections Sunday, news out of the region may finally give the gold market the catalyst it needs to break through.

The market has been pulled between good news and bad news and this is what is given gold that pull and push. The big question and the reason why we are stuck in this range is the uncertainty about where to go next and need to determine what themes should be the overall driver for this sector at the moment. 

Global monetary factors in particular continue to favour gold.  In addition, geopolitical risk remains high, particularly as the Ukraine elections approach, and, longer-term, Russia and China cosy up, a significant long-term global game-changer to which Washington appears oblivious.
  • Holdings in exchange traded products backed by physical gold continue to hit new 4½ year lows while physical demand may receive a boost from pent up Indian demand later this year when import restrictions are expected to be eased by the new government.
  • In India, the government has just authorized seven more private agencies to import gold, thus easing gold import restrictions, which will lead to lower premiums and a rise in gold demand as the wedding and festive seasons will start in August. The easing out of the 80:20 rule is still a drag, however the relaxation to include the trading houses should be seen as a positive development. 
  • The record high premiums that were being charged in the market have and will continue to drop drastically as supplies will be good. The premiums have fallen from record highs to nearly $40 which is expected to reduce to $25 as the time passes by. Usually 30-35 Tonnes of gold is imported, but With this rule relaxation, supply is expected to increase to  60-70 tonnes
  • In Europe, the ECB is expected to ease monetary policy in the 5 June meeting as inflation is too low and economic growth is too slow at 0.2 percent in Q1
  • According to a recent Bloomberg/CME Precious Metals Conference, the East holds the key to gold’s outlook. With China printing its money faster than mining its gold, consumers will continue to demand gold to protect them against inflation
To sum it up, gold prices have got glued to the $1300 level and until we see a critical shift in market dynamics such as correction in the equities market or some statement from the Fed or some escalation in crisis, we continue to see gold in this range.

Gold has been moving in this sideways pattern for over a month and has formed a wave like pattern.

Now what we need to watch for is more important-
  • We will keep an eye on Ukraine’s 25 May presidential vote, 
  • The U.S. April durable goods orders and March housing prices on 27 May, 
  • The U.S. Q1 GDP second release and Japan April CPI and industrial production on 29 May, 
  • The Philadelphia Fed President Plosser’s (FOMC voter) speech 
  • The April U.S. Core PCE Price Index on 30 May. 

As per the current market trends gold is expected to range between $1272- $1310 in the international market and Rs.27,000- Rs.28,500 in the domestic market.

On the other hand silver is expected to move between  $18.85- $20.20 and Rs.39,500- Rs.41,500 in the international and domestic markets respectively.

The primary purpose of this blog (Prithviraj Kothari's view on Bullion Markets - MD, RSBL(Riddisiddhi Bullions Ltd.)) is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.

- Previous blog- "MODIfying India"

Monday, 28 April 2014

Gold Gains Momentum, Investors Gain Confidence!

- By Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

While gold gained momentum, investors gained confidence in gold. Gold spurred the longest price rally in six months. Initially gold was on low, but prices got pushed higher by the end of the week.

On Monday, gold fell to nearly a three week low as we witnessed outflows from the worlds biggest bullion backed Exchange Traded Fund (ETF). Moreover, a lack of a further increase in geopolitical tension also prompted selling in gold. Last week, the fund's outflows totalled 9.3 tonnes, erasing all the gains made in the year.  

Gold fell to its lowest since mid-February on Tuesday after U.S. housing data beat expectations, boosting confidence in the U.S. economic recovery and lifting stock markets, which hurt gold's appeal as an alternative investment. 

On Wednesday, gold had firmed its position above a two and a half month low of $1,268.24 due to firmer equities and a weaker technical picture that had triggered strong selling,

However, the tables turned on Thursday as rising geopolitical tensions and options related buying helped gold in moving in the opposite direction and reverse the early sharp losses

Bullion prices mounted after Ukrainian forces killed up to five pro-Moscow rebels as they closed in on the separatists' military stronghold in the east. 

In March, bullion Prices reached a 6 month high after Russia took over Crimea. But then it fell almost 9 percent on signs that peace would return. But once again Hostilities this week are bringing back the gold bulls. Tensions between Moscow and Western powers over Ukraine are lending gold support, but it remains in a somewhat fragile situation as interest from long-term investors is still absent.

Though on the basis of the economic indicators of the US economy, there were signs of recovery, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine spurred traders to unwind bets on a drop. The metal has risen 8.2 percent in 2014 even though economic recovery has pushed the Federal Reserve to reduce its monetary easing. This tapering was responsible behind the 28 per cent drop in gold in 2013 because if the Fed would scale back its bond purchase then gold would lose its appeal of being an inflation hedge tool.

Apart from the Ukraine crisis, another big news that made rounds in the market was that major international banks were jettisoning their commodities business.*

Around 20 US based investors have filed antitrust claims against major leading banks over the past two months.  These investors have accused Barclay, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Bank of Nova Scotia and Societe Generale of colluding to manipulate the gold price.

The court cases are complicating negotiations that Deutsche Bank had started with potential buyers after it announced in January that it was putting its seat at the fix up for sale, a source with knowledge of the matter said. In case any such decision is taking of discontinuing the commodity trading wings business then this will definitely calm down the price volatility of bullion prices.

Another fact the will play a major role in determining the gold prices is the worldwide demand from gold. CHINA- Chinese demand for gold is set to increase from the current level of 1,132 tonnes a year to 1,350 by 2017, cementing its place as the world’s largest gold market. According to report published by the World Gold Council, entitled:  ‘China’s gold market: progress and prospects’, private demand for gold in China will see sustained growth over the next four years.

China does not report any trade numbers. The only source of procuring these gold export numbers to China is through Hong Kong as its the prime medium of gold for China. But now that China has allowed Gold imports via Beijing, it may threaten Hong Kong’s export numbers to mainland.

INDIA- Physical demand in India over the next week is expected to rise as the country welcomes the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritiya on may 2. This could result in a slight pickup in gold demand , but with the heavy tariffs placed on gold, there are questions on how much buying will actually occur.

UK- Demand for gold from UK is tend to augment as investors are saving up for retirement with the U.K.’s Financial Conduct Authority considering adding bullion to its list of “standard assets. Last year, the FCA was replaced by The Financial Services Authority to oversee market regulation. They published a consultation paper with the list in 2012, asking whether other types of investment should be added. Various forms like Cash, bonds and exchange-traded commodities were included but  physical gold was not. There are expectations that gold may be added to the list by June. If any such possibility materializes then demand for gold from UK will definitely rise as gold is on the radar of more mainstream investors. 

Next week is full of revelation for gold as the market moving and price deterring event will unwrap for gold. With a Federal Reserve monetary policy meeting and April non-farm payrolls data set for release; additionally, any change in the standoff between Russia and Ukraine has the ability to move markets.

Moreover, The Federal Open Market Committee meets Tuesday and Wednesday, and economists said they expect the Fed to announce another $10 billion-a-month cut in its quantitative easing program, and on Friday the Labor Department is scheduled to release its April non-farm payrolls data.

Gold traders will have to be nimble next week as these headline-making events could cause volatile market action. Because of the uncertainty over the Ukraine situation, several gold-market players believe that gold prices will once again move upwards.


- Previous blog - "Gold Prices Off Route"

Sunday, 13 April 2014


                                                     - by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari, MD, RSBL

Gold is the world's favourite metal and being an Indian, I have always been brought up with the principle that gold is one such metal the "HAS" to be a part of regular investments.

Gold in one such unique asset in its class, that  enjoys a diverse set of loyal buyers. In fact, I wouldn't be wrong, if I Say that gold has a huge fan following.
  • In the west, investors want to spread their risk.
  • In 2013, demand for gold from India hit record levels. and the crash in April saw humongous number of buyers stepping into the market to take advantage of this crash. The situation went so out of control that the government brought down the shutters, hiking import duty to 10% and imposing the “80/20 rule” which forces dealers to re-export 20% of any new shipment before taking delivery.
  • Meanwhile, China’s gold demand meantime rose faster, finally overtaking the world No.1 and swallowing well over 1,160 tonnes of imports, even while topping the league table of gold mining nations with a further 440 tonnes.
Though the gold fan club is always widening, last year it saw many betrayers.

  • It was in April, 2013 that gold had crashed following Cyprus bailout.
  • It had been downgraded by many and abandoned too, last year.
  • Gold that has always stood proud in its category, for the first time in 13 years; it gave negative returns in 2013. Moreover, it headed for an annual drop of 30 percent. Since reaching a record high at $1,910 an ounce in 2011, it collapsed to a low of $1195 nearly 37% of its value.
And its April 2014, that gold has performed exceptionally well compared to its counterpart. Gold held around 2-1/2-week highs on Friday, heading for its biggest weekly gain in a month on sagging risk appetite and increasing hopes the U.S. Federal Reserve will hold off on raising interest rates as soon as early next year.

Meanwhile, US Secretary of State John Kerry’s commented that if Russia would intervene further in Ukraine then it would target Russia's energy, banking and mining industry. I feel Ukraine story is far from done!

The highly anticipated FOMC minutes were released and markets seemed to be looking for a hint that would have confirmed Janet Yellen’s latest comment from after the March FED meeting, when she made clear that “a considerable time” means about 6 months and that means a rate hike could come as soon as early 2015. But that statement was missing in the minutes. US yields traded lower, stocks jumped up, the US Dollar lost against the board and metal prices continued to rise.

In spite of Janet Yellen making it clear time and again that; decisions will be based on economic reading, I find it crazy that traders are still reacting to potential changes in QE taper and interest rate increases.

Gold continues to roll along in an uncertain market with no clear direction in which assets are moving: US equities, US dollar and the possibility of interest rate hike this year.

Some of the remarkable figures coming in from Asia and other countries were-

In 2013, the value of physical gold traded through Dubai surged to $75 billion compared to $6 billion in 2003, and $70 billion in 2012.  volumes accounted for 40 per cent of the total worldwide trade in 2013. This reinforced Dubai's position as the global gold and precious metals trade hub as stated by Ahmed bin Sulayem, Executive Chairman of Dubai Multi Commodities Centre (DMCC),

China saw its gold output increase by 10.6% year on year to 63.2 tons in the first two months of this year, according to statistics released by China Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. In the first two months of this year, gold mines in the country produced 51.7 tons of gold, 10.4% more than in the same period of 2013

Gold imports in India are on a recovery mode now, as March imports have been mooted to have doubled to 50t m/m. The decision to permit 5 more private banks to import gold led to this recovery. In fact as the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritya is approaching, we see the demand to surge even higher and thus the import figures are expected to rise too.

Keeping the current market trends and price drivers in mind, gold is expected to trade in the range of $1293-$1350 an ounce in the international market and Rs.29,000- Rs.31000 per 10 gram in the domestic market.

On the other hand silver is expected to move in the range of $19.50-$20.55 and Rs.42,000- Rs.46,000 per kg in the international and domestic markets respectively.

Reiterating, I feel buying physical Gold, Silver and Platinum should be on cost averaging basis. It has been a successful strategy since the bull year began, though it would be a bit strange for the investors who started investing in the last couple of years.  I am sure Gold or for that matter any precious metal investments would always give best returns if considered as long term investment options and something that you can bank on in financial instabilities.

The primary purpose of this article by Mr. Prithviraj Kothari is to educate the masses of the current happenings in the Bullion world.
- Previous article-
"Bad News Proves to Be Good For Gold"